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ARS Home » Plains Area » Lincoln, Nebraska » Wheat, Sorghum and Forage Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #320495

Research Project: Improving bioenergy and forage plants and production systems for the central U.S.

Location: Wheat, Sorghum and Forage Research

Title: Guidelines for growing perennial grasses for biofuel and bioproducts

Author
item Mitchell, Robert - Rob

Submitted to: BioEnergy Research
Publication Type: Experiment Station
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/2/2015
Publication Date: 9/9/2015
Citation: Mitchell, R.B., and S. Brown. Guidelines for growing perennial grasses for biofuel and bioproducts, eXtension Fact Sheet, CenUSA Bioenergy, Iowa State Univ., Ames IA 2015

Interpretive Summary: Interpretive Summary: Switchgrass, big bluestem, and warm-season grass mixtures are potential crops for biofuel and bioproducts. New equipment, herbicides, grass cultivars and other advancements promote rapid establishment in the planting year. These grasses typically produce a harvestable yield after frost in the planting year and are near full production in the year after planting if moisture is adequate. These grasses can be productive for 10 years or longer with good management. Guidelines are provided for establishing and managing perennial grasses for multiple uses.

Technical Abstract: Guidelines for growing perennial grasses for biofuel and bioproducts Rob Mitchell Abstract: Switchgrass, big bluestem, and warm-season grass mixtures provide numerous benefits. Existing field equipment, herbicides, and cultivar improvement promote rapid establishment in the planting year. These grasses typically produce a harvestable yield after frost in the planting year and are near full production in the year after planting if moisture is adequate. Typical baled yield at the field scale after establishment exceeds 5 tons per acre in areas east of the arid section of the country. These grasses can be productive for 10 years or longer with good management. Guidelines are provided on best management practices for establishing and managing perennial grasses for multiple uses.