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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Fort Pierce, Florida » U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory » Subtropical Plant Pathology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #316631

Title: Tospovirus emergence, interspecific reassortment and mixed infections in North America

item Adkins, Scott

Submitted to: Thysanoptera International Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/24/2015
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV) and Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV) emerged in Florida in 2009 and 2012, respectively, joining Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), as economic threats to horticultural and agronomic crops in the southeastern U.S. Currently, GRSV, TCSV and TSWV infect solanaceous vegetable crops and occur sympatrically in south Florida. All U.S. GRSV isolates characterized to date have a reassorted genotype (LGMTSG) with GRSV S and L RNAs and a TCSV M RNA; this is the first known instance of an interspecies tospovirus reassortant. Methods were developed to detect reassortants in natural mixed infections and a study was initiated to examine reassortment in experimental mixed infections. A better understanding of these processes will enhance rational disease management and forecasting strategies.