|BADILLO-VARGAS, ISMAEL - University Of Florida|
|ROE, NANCY - Farming Systems Research, Inc|
|FUNDERBURK, JOSEPH - University Of Florida|
Submitted to: Plant Disease
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/2015
Publication Date: 5/11/2015
Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org10/1094/PDIS-04-15-0385-PDN
Citation: Badillo-Vargas, I.E., Roe, N., Funderburk, J.E., Adkins, S.T. 2015. First report of Tomato chlorotic spot virus in scarlet eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) and American black nightshade (Solanum americanum) in the United States. Plant Disease. Available: http://dx.doi.org10/1094/PDIS-04-15-0385-PDN.
Interpretive Summary: Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV) was recently emerged in the U.S. TCSV has been found in tomatoes and peppers in Florida, and these and related plant species in other parts of the world. Experimental host range studies suggest a wide range of plant species may be infected by TCSV as this virus continues to emerge. This is the first report of TCSV infection of scarlet eggplant and American black nightshade. This has implications for crop production and weed reservoirs throughout the country.
Technical Abstract: Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV) was identified in the vegetable crop scarlet eggplant and the weed American black nightshade in south Florida. This is the first report of TCSV naturally infecting these plant species in the U.S. Genetic diversity of TCSV was characterized. This report provides an overview of this emerging virus for growers, extension workers, crop consultants and research and regulatory scientists.