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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Mississippi State, Mississippi » Poultry Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #311585

Research Project: Strategies to Control and Prevent Avian Mycoplasmosis

Location: Poultry Research

Title: Effects of different vaccine combinations against Mycoplasma gallisepticum on the internal egg and eggshell characteristics of commercial layer chickens

Author
item Jacob, R - Mississippi State University
item Branton, Scott
item Evans, Jeff
item Leigh, Spencer
item Peebles, E - Mississippi State University

Submitted to: Poultry Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/20/2015
Publication Date: 5/5/2015
Citation: Jacob, R., Branton, S.L., Evans, J.D., Leigh, S.A., Peebles, E.D. 2015. Effects of different vaccine combinations against Mycoplasma gallisepticum on the internal egg and eggshell characteristics of commercial layer chickens. Poultry Science. 94:912-917.

Interpretive Summary: Live F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) vaccines are presently being used to help control field strain MG outbreaks. However, they may exert some adverse effects on egg production. Live strains of MG of lesser virulence as well as killed vaccines have little or no effect on egg production, but afford lower levels of protection. This has led to research investigating their use in combination with a subsequent overlay or re-vaccination of FMG given later in the production cycle. Two trials were conducted to investigate the effects of prelay vaccinations of a live (ts-11 MG vaccine) and killed MG (MG bacterin) vaccine or their combination, in conjunction with an FMG vaccine overlay after peak production, on the egg characteristics of commercial layers. The following vaccination treatments were administered at 10 wk of age (woa): 1) No vaccination (Control); 2) MG-Bacterin vaccine (MGBac); 3) ts-11 strain MG vaccine (ts11MG); and 4) MGBac and ts11MG combination (MGBac + ts11MG). At 45 woa, half of the birds were overlaid with an FMG vaccine. In each trial, internal egg and eggshell parameters including egg weight; Haugh unit score; eggshell breaking strength; percentage yolk, albumen, and eggshell weights; eggshell weight per unit surface area (SWUSA); and percentage yolk moisture and total lipids (PYL) were determined at various time periods between 21 and 52 woa. At 28 woa, SWUSA was lower in the ts11MG and MGBac + ts11MG groups compared to the Control group. Conversely, at 43 woa, SWUSA was higher in the ts11MG than in the MGBac group. Between 23 and 43 woa, PYL was higher in the MGBac and ts11MG groups in comparison to the Control group. Vaccination with MGBac alone or in combination with ts11MG at 10 woa with or without an FMG vaccine overlay at 45 woa does not adversely affect the internal egg or eggshell quality of commercial layers throughout lay. This work is of use to producers wherein either MG bacterin and/or the ts-ll MG live vaccine has historically been utilized but producers desire to utilize FMG and questioned whether drops in production would occur as has been described for MG-naive hens vaccinated with FMG at 45 woa.

Technical Abstract: Live F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) vaccines are presently being used to help control field strain MG outbreaks. However, they may exert some adverse effects on egg production. Live strains of MG of lesser virulence as well as killed vaccines have little or no effect on egg production, but afford lower levels of protection. This has led to research investigating their use in combination with a subsequent overlay or re-vaccination of FMG given later in the production cycle. In the present study, 2 trials were conducted to investigate the effects of prelay vaccinations of a live and killed MG vaccine or their combination, in conjunction with an FMG vaccine overlay after peak production, on the egg characteristics of commercial layers. The following vaccination treatments were administered at 10 wk of age (woa): 1) No vaccination (Control); 2) MG-Bacterin vaccine (MGBac); 3) ts-11 strain MG vaccine (ts11MG); and 4) MGBac and ts11MG combination (MGBac + ts11MG). At 45 woa, half of the birds were overlaid with an FMG vaccine. In each trial, internal egg and eggshell parameters including egg weight; Haugh unit score; eggshell breaking strength; percentage yolk, albumen, and eggshell weights; eggshell weight per unit surface area (SWUSA); and percentage yolk moisture and total lipids (PYL) were determined at various time periods between 21 and 52 woa. At 28 woa, SWUSA was lower in the ts11MG and MGBac + ts11MG groups compared to the Control group. Conversely, at 43 woa, SWUSA was higher in the ts11MG than in the MGBac group. Between 23 and 43 woa, PYL was higher in the MGBac and ts11MG groups in comparison to the Control group. In conclusion, vaccination of MGBac alone or in combination with ts11MG at 10 woa with or without an FMG vaccine overlay at 45 woa does not adversely affect the internal egg or eggshell quality of commercial layers throughout lay.