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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Wenatchee, Washington » Physiology and Pathology of Tree Fruits Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #303691

Research Project: Genetic, Metabolic, and Physiological Factors Regulating Deciduous Tree Fruit Quality

Location: Physiology and Pathology of Tree Fruits Research

Title: Real time-based targeted Metabolomic approach as risk assessment tools for controlling superficial scald in ‘Granny Smith’ apples during storage

Author
item Lee, Jinwook
item Buchanan, David
item Leisso, Rachel
item Mattheis, James
item Gapper, Nigel - Cornell University - New York
item Watkins, Christopher - Cornell University - New York
item Giovannoni, James
item Hertog, Maaten - Katholieke University
item Nicolai, Bart - Katholieke University
item Johnston, Jason - New Zealand Institute Of Plant & Food Research
item Schaffer, Robert - New Zealand Institute Of Plant & Food Research
item Whitaker, Bruce
item Rudell, David

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/16/2014
Publication Date: 6/30/2014
Citation: Lee, J., Buchanan, D.A., Leisso, R.S., Mattheis, J.P., Gapper, N.E., Watkins, C.B., Giovannoni, J.J., Hertog, M.M., Nicolai, B.M., Johnston, J.W., Schaffer, R.J., Whitaker, B.D., Rudell Jr, D.R. 2014. Real time-based targeted Metabolomic approach as risk assessment tools for controlling superficial scald in ‘Granny Smith’ apples during storage. Meeting Abstract. https://ashs.confex.com/ashs/2014/webprogram/Paper18864.html.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The risk of superficial scald incidence in ‘Granny Smith’ apple [Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf.] fruit during cold or controlled atmosphere (CA) storage increases with increased storage duration and oxygen level during CA storage. The objective of this study was to investigate risk assessment of superficial scald using biomarkers. ‘Granny Smith’ apples were harvested from 4 orchards in Prosser, WA and held for up to 9 months at 0.5 oC in either air or CA at 0.5 kPa O2 and 1 kPa CO2, or 2 kPa O2 and 1 kPa CO2. Superficial scald began to develop at 3 months in air storage with severity and incidence increasing gradually thereafter. Scald was not detected on fruit stored in 0.5 kPa O2 and 1 kPa CO2 CA. When scald risk was detected at 3 months in both 2 kPa O2 and 1 kPa CO2 chambers, O2 levels were reduced to 0.5 kPa in one of the rooms, reducing final scald incidence at 9 months + 7 days shelf life. Scald first appeared on fruit stored at 2 kPa O2 and 1 kPa CO2 at 6 months storage and increased during 7 days post-storage ripening. a-Farnesene and conjugated trienol levels measured using a spectrophotometer correlated with levels of 2,6,10-trimethyldodeca-2,7(E),9(E),11-tetraen-6-ol (CTol) and a number of unknown non-polar compounds measured using LC-MS. These compounds are tentatively identified as acyl conjugates of CTol. The identification process is ongoing. We hypothesize that the genesis of these putative conjugates results from further metabolism of CTol once it forms. Results show that risk assessment biomarkers indicate when scald risk is elevated and which storage conditions have the highest risk.