Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/15/2014
Publication Date: 1/30/2014
Citation: Suarez, D.L. 2014. Avian influenza: preparedness and response strategies [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Emerging Diseaseas and One-Health Concept Conference, January 27-30, 2014, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. p. 14.
Technical Abstract: Avian influenza virus is naturally found in wild birds, primarily waterfowl, but the virus may also be found in poultry. In the United States we have a strong passive and active surveillance program for avian influenza in poultry. This includes serologic testing on most flocks that go through the traditional marketing systems. Additionally breeder flocks are certified avian influenza free as part of the National Poultry Improvement Plan that although voluntary has strong industry support and participation. Finally, a passive testing strategy in response to clinical disease allows samples to be tested in the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN). The NAHLN uses real-time RT-PCR for diagnostic testing that is overseen by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. This system has been shown to provide a robust and timely diagnostic program for outbreaks of avian influenza. Although avian influenza is not considered endemic in poultry in the U.S., several detections of virus by RT-PCR or serology occur every year and are transparently reported to the industry and our trading partners.