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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Albany, California » Western Regional Research Center » Produce Safety and Microbiology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #299137

Research Project: Molecular Biology of Human Pathogens Associated with Food

Location: Produce Safety and Microbiology Research

Title: The Campylobacter jejuni RacRS system regulates fumarate utilization in a low oxygen environment

Author
item Van Der Stel, Anne-xander - Utrecht University
item Van Mourik, Andries - Utrecht University
item Heijmen-van Dijk, Linda - Utrecht University
item Parker, Craig
item Kelly, David J. - University Of Sheffield
item Van De Lest, Chris H.a. - Utrecht University
item Van Putten, Jos P.m. - Utrecht University
item Wosten, Marc M.s.m. - Utrecht University

Submitted to: Environmental Microbiology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/30/2014
Publication Date: 5/7/2014
Citation: Van Der Stel, A., Van Mourik, A., Heijmen-Van Dijk, L., Parker, C., Kelly, D., Van Putten, J., Wosten, M. 2014. The Campylobacter jejuni RacRS system regulates fumarate utilization in a low oxygen environment. Environmental Microbiology. DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.12476.

Interpretive Summary: The human pathogen Campylobacter jejuni lives in the gastrointestinal tract (gut) of warm blooded animals. In the gut, the availability of oxygen is limited; therefore, less efficient electron acceptors such as nitrate or fumarate are used by C. jejuni. C. jejuni has a highly branched respiratory chain and gene expression profiling indicates that a large number of genes are differentially expressed in vivo compared to in vitro growth conditions. The regulation mechanisms behind these alterations are however a mystery as no homologues exists in C. jejuni of transcription factors known to regulate the energy metabolism in other bacteria. Here we demonstrate by transcription analysis and enzyme assays that the response regulator RacR is regulating a number of genes involved in the synthesis and use of fumarate as electron acceptor. The activity of RacR is regulated by the cognate sensor RacS as demonstrated by phosphorylation studies and is dependent on the available electron acceptor. Footprinting assays showed that RacR binds directly to 5 promoter elements. Our results indicate that the failure of the C. jejuni racR::cm mutant to colonize chickens may be due to the inability of optimal nutrient utilization in the presence of alternative electron acceptors.

Technical Abstract: The natural environment of the human pathogen Campylobacter jejuni is the gastrointestinal tract of warm blooded animals. In the gut, the availability of oxygen is limited; therefore, less efficient electron acceptors such as nitrate or fumarate are used by C. jejuni. C. jejuni has a highly branched respiratory chain and gene expression profiling indicates that a large number of genes are differentially expressed in vivo compared to in vitro growth conditions. The regulation mechanisms behind these alterations are however a mystery as no homologues exists in C. jejuni of transcription factors known to regulate the energy metabolism in other bacteria. Here we demonstrate by transcription analysis and enzyme assays that the response regulator RacR is regulating a number of genes involved in the synthesis and use of fumarate as electron acceptor. The activity of RacR is regulated by the cognate sensor RacS as demonstrated by phosphorylation studies and is dependent on the available electron acceptor. Footprinting assays showed that RacR binds directly to 5 promoter elements. Our results indicate that the failure of the C. jejuni racR::cm mutant to colonize chickens may be due to the inability of optimal nutrient utilization in the presence of alternative electron acceptors.