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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


Location: Mosquito and Fly Research

Title: Bite Protection Analysis of Permethrin-Treated US Military Combat Uniforms

item Bernier, Ulrich - Uli
item Perry, Melynda
item Johnson, Amy

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/6/2014
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Historically, casualties from diseases have greatly outnumbered those from combat during military operations. Since 1951, US military combat uniforms have been chemically treated to protect personnel from arthropod attack. In the 1970s and 1980s, permethrin was one of several insecticides evaluated as a repellent treatment for uniforms. In 1991, permethrin became the standard treatment of US military combat uniforms. In 2007 the U.S. Marine Corps transitioned from treatment with permethrin in the field to factory treatment of their 50/50 nylon/cotton Marine Corps Combat Utility Uniforms (MCCUUs). The US Army transitioned to factory treatment of uniforms in 2009. Over the past few years, an increasing proportion of combat uniforms are constructed from fabric comprised of nylon, rayon and fire resistant materials such as para-aramid or meta-aramid. These uniforms cannot be treated with permethrin in the field and must therefore be treated at the factory level. Incorporation of permethrin in the fabric significantly reduces the probability that a mosquito can bite through the uniform. Results from bite protection studies will be covered in this presentation. The emphasis will be on the performance of the newest fire-resistant uniforms; these include the US Marine Corps Enhanced Fire Resistant Combat Ensemble (EFRCE) and the US Army Fire Resistant Army Combat Uniform (FRACU) and FRACU type III.

Last Modified: 10/17/2017
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