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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Bioenergy Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #297434

Title: Engineering industrial yeast for renewable advanced biofuels applications

item Liu, Zonglin

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/28/2013
Publication Date: 10/28/2013
Citation: Liu, Z. 2013. Engineering industrial yeast for renewable advanced biofuels applications [abstract].

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The industrial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a candidate for the next-generation biocatalyst development due to its unique genomic background and robust performance in fermentation-based production. In order to meet challenges of renewable and sustainable advanced biofuels conversion including cellulosic ethanol production, it is necessary to engineer the yeast with enriched capabilities to overcome toxic chemical compounds liberated from lignocellulose-biomass pretreatment and to efficiently utilize pentose and hexose sugars harbored in the biomass. Using a systems biology approach including evolutionary engineering and genetic engineering, we developed new genotypes of industrial yeast strains that are able to utilize xylose and glucose simultaneously and in situ detoxify major biomass pretreatment inhibitors such as furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural while producing ethanol. This presentation will outline major technical difficulties and discuss successful strategies for this advanced development. Challenges in new strain development toward industrial applications will also be discussed.