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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Spatial Modeling of Agricultural Watersheds: Water and Nutrient Management and Targeted Conservation Effects at Field to Watershed Scales

Location: Water Management Systems Research

Title: Ground water and climate change)

Author
item Taylor, Richard
item Scanlon, Bridget
item Doll, Petra
item Rodell, Matthew
item Van Beek, Rens
item Wada, Yoshide
item Longuevergne, Laurent
item Leblanc, Marc
item Famiglietti, James
item Edmunds, Mike
item Konikow, Leonard
item Green, Timothy
item Chen, Jianyao
item Taniguchi, Makoto
item Bierkens, Marc
item Macdonald, Alan
item Fan, Ying
item Maxwell, Reed
item Yechieli, Yossi
item Gurdak, Jason
item Allen, Diana
item Shamsudduha, Mohammad
item Hiscock, Kevin
item Yeh, Pat
item Holman, Ian
item Holger, Treidel

Submitted to: Nature Climate Change
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/2/2012
Publication Date: 4/1/2013
Citation: Taylor, R., Scanlon, B., Doll, P., Rodell, M., Van Beek, R., Wada, Y., Longuevergne, L., Leblanc, M., Famiglietti, J.S., Edmunds, M., Konikow, L., Green, T.R., Chen, J., Taniguchi, M., Bierkens, M., Macdonald, A., Fan, Y., Maxwell, R., Yechieli, Y., Gurdak, J., Allen, D., Shamsudduha, M., Hiscock, K., Yeh, P., Holman, I., Holger, T. 2013. Ground water and climate change. Nature Climate Change. 3(4): 322-329.

Interpretive Summary: As the world’s largest distributed store of freshwater, groundwater plays a central role in sustaining ecosystems and enabling human adaptation to climate variability and change. The strategic importance of groundwater to global water and food security will intensify under climate change as more frequent and intense climate extremes (droughts, floods) increase variability in soil moisture and surface water. Here we critically review recent research assessing climate impacts on groundwater through natural and human-induced processes as well as groundwater-driven feedbacks on the climate system.

Technical Abstract: As the world’s largest distributed store of fresh water, ground water plays a central part in sustaining ecosystems and enabling human adaptation to climate variability and change. The strategic importance of ground water for global water and food secu¬rity will probably intensify under climate change as more frequent and intense climate extremes (droughts and floods) increase variability in precipitation, soil moisture and surface water. Here we critically review recent research assessing the impacts of climate on ground water through natural and human-induced processes as well as through groundwater-driven feedbacks on the climate system. Furthermore, we examine the possible opportunities and challenges of using and sustaining groundwater resources in climate adaptation strategies, and highlight the lack of groundwater observations, which, at present, limits our understanding of the dynamic relationship between ground water and climate.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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