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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Athens, Georgia » U.S. National Poultry Research Center » Endemic Poultry Viral Diseases Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #280579

Research Project: Intervention Strategies to Control and Prevent Enteric Viral Diseases of Poultry

Location: Endemic Poultry Viral Diseases Research

Title: Biochemical characterization of the small hydrophobic protein of avian metapneumovirus

Author
item Deng, Qiji - South Dakota State University
item Song, Minxun - Shandong Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
item Demers, Andrew - South Dakota State University
item Weng, Yuejin - South Dakota State University
item Lu, Wuxun - South Dakota State University
item Wang, Dan - South Dakota State University
item Kaushik, Radhey - South Dakota State University
item Yu, Qingzhong
item Li, Feng - South Dakota State University

Submitted to: Virus Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/16/2012
Publication Date: 8/1/2012
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/60108
Citation: Deng, Q., Song, M., Demers, A., Weng, Y., Lu, W., Wang, D., Kaushik, R.S., Yu, Q., Li, F. 2012. Biochemical characterization of the small hydrophobic protein of avian metapneumovirus. Virus Research. 167:297-301.

Interpretive Summary: Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV), previously known as turkey rhinotracheitis virus or avian pneumovirus, is a paramyxovirus that causes acute respiratory disease in turkeys and has recently emerged as a major economic problem for the world-wide poultry industry. Like some of paramyxoviruses, aMPV has a membrane-associate small hydrophobic protein (SH). Sequence analyses have shown that SH proteins among the different paramyxoviruses vary significantly in size as well as the primary sequence. However, little is known about the function of the SH protein in virus pathogenesis. In the present study, we characterized aMPV SH protein with respect to its biological properties. We showed that the aMPV SH protein is modified by N-linked sugars and can be released into the extracellular environment. Furthermore, we demonstrated that sugar linked aMPV SH proteins form homodimers through cysteine-mediated disulfide bonds, which has not been reported previously for the SH proteins of paramyxoviruses. Taken together, our study has demonstrated some important biochemical properties of metapneumovirus SH protein and represents the first step toward defining the role of SH protein in metapneumovirus replication and pathogenesis.

Technical Abstract: Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) is a paramyxovirus that has three membrane-associate proteins: glycoprotein (G), fusion (F), and small hydrophobic (SH) proteins. Among them, the SH protein is a small type II integral membrane protein that is incorporated into virions and is only present in certain paramyxoviruses. In the present study, we showed that the aMPV SH protein is modified by N-linked glycans and can be released into the extracellular environment. Furthermore, we demonstrated that glycosylated aMPV SH proteins form homodimers through cysteine-mediated disulfide bonds, which has not been reported previously for the SH proteins of paramyxoviruses.