Submitted to: American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/19/2008
Publication Date: 11/16/2008
Citation: Lima, I.M., Boateng, A.A., Klasson, K.T., Hicks, K.B. 2008. Activated Carbon Derived from Fast Pyrolysis Liquids Production of Agricultural Residues and Energy Crops (abstract). 2008 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, November 16-21, 2008, Philadelphia, PA. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Fast pyrolysis is a thermochemical method that can be used for processing energy crops such as switchgrass, alfalfa, soybean straw, corn stover as well as agricultural residuals (broiler litter) for bio-oil production. Researchers with the Agriculture Research Service (ARS) of the USDA developed a 2.5 kg/h biomass fast pyrolyzer that generates bio-oil and non-condensable gases as the main products as well as a char fraction as a by-product. This study characterizes these chars for their potential for further conversion into value-added activated carbons to be used as adsorbents for environmental remediation. The final physical, chemical and adsorptive properties of the resulting activated carbons depend on the the biomass precursor. Char and activated carbon yields, surface areas, elemental analysis, electron scanning microscopy, microporosity and adsorption of both metal ions and trihalomethanes for the chars and after further activation (ex-situ), will be compared and contrasted with available commercial samples.