Location: Cereal Crops ResearchTitle: Alien Introgression for FHB Resistance in Wheat - Challenges and Strategies Author
Submitted to: International Wheat Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/15/2008
Publication Date: 8/24/2008
Citation: Cai, X., Xu, S.S., Oliver, R.E., Zhang, Q., Stack, R.W., Zhong, S., Friesen, T.L., Halley, S., Elias, E.M. 2008. Alien introgression for FHB resistance in wheat - Challenges and strategies. In: R. Appels, R. Eastwood, E. Lagudah, P. Langridge, M. Mackay, L. McIntye, and P. Sharp (Eds.) Proc. 11th Wheat Genet. Symp., vol. 3. Sydney University Press, Sydney, Australia. Pp 716-718. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Over one thousand accessions of wheat relatives at different ploidy levels and wheat-alien species derivatives with varied chromosome constitutions were evaluated for Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance. FHB resistance identified from the relatives and derivatives were introgressed into adapted bread and durum wheat backgrounds using several strategies. A number of resistant introgression lines that contain minimal alien chromatin and do not have obvious linkage drag were developed. Some of the introgression lines exhibited resistance to other fungal diseases in addition to FHB. The biggest challenges of alien introgression for FHB resistance are linkage drag associated with alien chromatin and the epistatic interactions of alien resistance genes with genetic backgrounds. Thus, efficient manipulation of alien chromatin and selection of proper recipient genotypes play a central role in the success of alien introgression for FHB resistance.