Submitted to: Pesticide Outlook
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/3/2003
Publication Date: 5/9/2003
Citation: BARNARD, D.R. WEST NILE DISEASE AND ITS CONTROL. PESTICIDE OUTLOOK. 2003. v.14.p.76-79.
Interpretive Summary: West Nile (WN) virus is a mosquito-borne disease that causes sickness and death in humans and animals. It first appeared in North America in 1999 and has since spread to all but five states in the western USA. Because of the importance of WN disease to animal health (15,000 clinical cases in horses alone), scientists at ARS's Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology were asked by the editorial board of the Royal Chemical Society's publication Pesticide Outlook to write a review article on WN disease and its control. This article describes the natural history of the virus, the epidemiology of the disease, and the control technology that is presently available for abatement of the mosquito vectors of the disease.
Technical Abstract: West Nile virus is an emerging mosquito-borne disease agent in North America where it threatens human and animal health. Historically, it has caused encephalitis and death in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, west and central Asia, and Oceania. Preventing future outbreaks of WN fever requires effective virus surveillance and mosquito control technology.