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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Simon: Pigment Power
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Pigment Power in Carrot Colors

How pigments promote good health

white rootorange rootpurple rootred rootyellow root
Health benefit = None from pigment, but fiber for digestive healthHealth benefit = Vitamin A essential for healthy eyes and immune systemHealth benefit = Helps prevent heart disease & strokes, antioxidant ties up harmful free radicals, and vitamin A activityHealth benefit = Helps prevent cancer (especially prostate), and vitamin A activityHealth benefit = Eye health (especially macular degeneration) and cancer prevention
Pigment = No pigment, like wild carrot (Queen Anne's Lace)Pigment = Beta and alpha carotenePigment = Anthocyanin, beta and alpha carotenePigment = Lycopene (another carotenoid) and beta-carotenePigment = Xanthophylls (other carotenoids), especially lutein
Origin = Northern Europe; 1600'sOrigin = Europe and Middle East; 1600'sOrigin = Afghanistan, Turkey, and Middle East; 900'sOrigin = India, China, and Japan; 1700'sOrigin = Afghanistan, Turkey, and Middle East; 900's

Agricultural Research ServiceUnited States Department of Agriculture
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences

They all taste the same!

(This is based upon work supported by Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture under Agreement No. 2000-4258 of IFAFS)
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Last Modified: 8/13/2016
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