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ARS Home » Plains Area » Clay Center, Nebraska » U.S. Meat Animal Research Center » Livestock Bio-Systems » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #407932

Research Project: Applying Nutritional Strategies to Improve Early Embryonic Development and Progeny Performance in Beef Cows

Location: Livestock Bio-Systems

Title: Identification of lipids and cytokines in plasma and follicular fluid before and after follicle stimulating hormone stimulation as potential markers for follicular maturation in cattle

item Snider, Alexandria - Alex
item SPURI-GOMES, RENATA - University Of Nebraska
item SUMMERS, ADAM - Reprologix
item TENLEY, SARAH - University Of Nebraska
item ABEDAL-MAJED, MOHAMED - University Of Jordan
item MCFEE, RENEE - University Of Nebraska
item WOOD, JENNIFER - University Of Nebraska
item DAVIS, JOHN - Nebraska Medical Center
item CUPP, ANDREA - University Of Nebraska

Submitted to: Animals
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/20/2023
Publication Date: 10/21/2023
Citation: Snider, A.P., Gomes, R.S., Summers, A.F., Tenley, S.C., Abedal-Majed, M.A., McFee, R.M., Wood, J.R., Davis, J.S., Cupp, A.S. 2023. Identification of lipids and cytokines in plasma and follicular fluid before and after follicle stimulating hormone stimulation as potential markers for follicular maturation in cattle. Animals. 13(20). Article 3289.

Interpretive Summary: The ovarian follicle contains an egg that must be matured appropriately to maintain regular reproductive cycles in cows and result in ovulation of an egg capable of fertilization. Anovulation often occurs when there is poor follicle maturation. Lipids and cytokines in circulation and in follicular fluid have been known to have an important role in follicular maturation. However, specific cytokine or lipid markers, or their role during stages of the cycle, and when they are needed to provide optimal follicular maturation, have not been elucidated. The current study investigated the relationship between circulating and follicular fluid lipids and cytokines during an estrous cycle and after follicular stimulation with follicle stimulating hormones. The identification of specific cytokines and lipids present at different stages of the reproductive cycle in circulation and in follicular fluid of the dominant follicle provide a springboard to study mitigation of poor follicle maturation or anovulation. Future studies also can utilize the markers developed within this study to determine their role during follicular maturation.

Technical Abstract: The process of follicle maturation leading to ovulation is a key milestone in female fertility. It is known that circulating lipids and cytokines play a role in the follicle’s ability to go through follicular maturation and the ovulatory processes. However, the specific mechanisms are not well understood. We posit that dysregulation of granulosa cells influences the ovarian environment, which tries to adapt by changing released lipids and cytokines to achieve follicular maturation. Eleven non-lactating adult females underwent estrus synchronization with two injections of PGF2a 14 days apart. Daily blood samples were collected to monitor steroid hormone production after the second injection for 28 days. To understand the potential impacts of lipids and cytokines during ovulation, a low-dose FSH stimulation (FSHLow) was performed after resynchronization of cows and daily blood samples were collected for 14 days to monitor steroid hormone production until ovariectomies. Lipidomic analysis demonstrated increased circulating diacylglycerides and triacyl-glycerides during the mid-luteal phase and after FSHLow treatment. Cholesteryl esters decreased in circulation but increased in follicular fluid (FF) after FSHLow. Increased circulating concentrations of TNFa and reduced CXCL9 were observed in response to FSHLow. Therefore, specific circulating lipids and cytokines may serve as markers of normal follicle maturation.