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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Urbana, Illinois » Soybean/maize Germplasm, Pathology, and Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #400348

Research Project: Identify and Characterize Resistance to Soybean Pathogens and Pests

Location: Soybean/maize Germplasm, Pathology, and Genetics Research

Title: Tracking flight activity of potato leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) with the Midwest Suction Trap Network

item Lagos-Kutz, Doris
item CLARK, ROBERT - Ecodata Technology Llc
item SEITER, NICHOLAS - University Of Illinois
item Clough, Steven
item HARTMAN, GLEN - Retired ARS Employee
item CROSSLEY, MICHAEL - University Of Delaware

Submitted to: Environmental Entomology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/7/2024
Publication Date: 3/26/2024
Citation: Lagos-Kutz, D.M., Clark, R.B., Seiter, N., Clough, S.J., Hartman, G.L., Crossley, M. 2024. Tracking flight activity of potato leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) with the Midwest Suction Trap Network. Environmental Entomology.

Interpretive Summary: Potato leafhopper (PLH), a native to North America, has been considered a major economic pest of various crops including alfalfa, snap beans, potato, and soybean. Based on the economic significance of this insect pest and its migratory pattern, we monitored the abundance of PLHs in the suction trap network between 2018 and 2020 across the Midwest USA. The objective of this manuscript is to make predictions of insect abundance related to climate parameters such as temperature and precipitations.

Technical Abstract: Potato leafhopper (PLH), Empoasca fabae Harris (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), is an economic pest of a variety of crops that migrates between overwintering sites in the southern United States and northern breeding grounds. Since 2005, the Midwest Suction Trap Network (STN) has monitored the magnitude and timing of aerially dispersing aphids’ activity, but the potential of the network to monitor other taxa is only beginning to be explored. Here, we use the Midwest STN to examine how the magnitude and timing of PLH activity vary with weather, cropland cover, and time of year. We found that weekly PLH activity increased early in the season (May–June) with increasing degree day accumulation and decreased mid-season (July–August) with increasing occurrence of rain. The first detections occurred earlier in southern latitudes, while the last detections occurred sooner, when there was more surrounding potato land cover, and later over time between 2018 and 2021 and in southern latitudes. PLH activity was thus longer in duration in southern latitudes and has continued to extend later into the year overall. Resolving uncertainty about how well the Midwest STN captures migratory activity and how closely suction trap detections reflect local population densities in crop fields remain important research priorities before the potential of the Midwest STN for PLH monitoring can be realized. Still, observed patterns suggest that PLH could increase in economic importance as insects disperse over larger portions of the growing season in the warming, agriculturally productive US Midwest and that the STN can become a useful tool to monitor these changes.