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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Auburn, Alabama » Soil Dynamics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #396881

Research Project: Sustaining Productivity and Ecosystem Services of Agricultural and Horticultural Systems in the Southeastern United States

Location: Soil Dynamics Research

Title: Quantification of net greenhouse gases emissions from U.S. croplands using data-model integration

item YOU, YONGFA - Auburn University
item TIAN, HANQIN - Boston College
item PAN, SHUFEN - Auburn University
item BATCHELOR, WILLIAM - Auburn University
item CHENG, BO - Auburn University
item HUI, DAFENG - Tennessee State University
item LI, XIAOYONG - Auburn University
item LIANG, XIN-ZHONG - University Of Maryland
item LU, CHAOQUN - Iowa State University
item PAN, NAIQING - Auburn University
item Prior, Stephen - Steve
item SHI, HAO - Auburn University

Submitted to: American Geophysical Union
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/3/2022
Publication Date: 12/14/2022
Citation: You, Y., Tian, H., Pan, S., Batchelor, W.D., Cheng, B., Hui, D., Li, X., Liang, X., Lu, C., Pan, N., Prior, S.A., Shi, H. 2022. Quantification of net greenhouse gases emissions from U.S. croplands using data-model integration [ABSTRACT]. American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting: Science Leads the Future. Chicago IL. December 12-16.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Agriculture plays a dual role in regulating the Earth’s climate through sequestering soil organic carbon (SOC) and releasing non-CO2 greenhouse gases (GHGs) (i.e., nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4)). Most previous studies on agricultural climate change mitigation focused on either individual GHGs or SOC, which ignored the trade-offs between SOC sequestration and non-CO2 GHG emissions. Here, we quantified the magnitude and spatiotemporal variations of the net soil GHG emissions (i.e., the balance of SOC sequestration and non-CO2 GHG emissions) from U.S. croplands driven by multiple environmental changes during 1960-2018, using a model-data integration approach. Specifically, a process-based terrestrial biosphere model, Dynamic Land Ecosystem Model v4.0 (DLEM v4.0), was used to perform regional simulations, and a meta-analysis was conducted to compile field observations of SOC sequestration rate and N2O and CH4 emissions to calibrate, validate, and corroborate model simulations. Results show that DLEM can well simulate the magnitudes of site-scale SOC sequestration rate and N2O and CH4 emission rates under various agricultural management practices and environmental conditions, with normalized root mean square errors of 18%, 9%, and 5%, respectively. The average SOC sequestration rate of U.S. croplands from 1960 to 2018 was estimated to be 21.6 Tg C yr-1, and the average emission rates of N2O and CH4 were 0.39 Tg N yr-1 and 0.21 Tg C yr-1, respectively. When translated into global warming potential, the simulated average net GHG emission rate of U.S. croplands was 113.3 Tg CO2-eq yr-1. In addition, the spatial pattern of net soil GHG emissions was highly heterogeneous, with hotspots in the Midwest and Mississippi Delta regions, possibly due to the intensified management practices such as nitrogen fertilization in corn fields and continuous irrigation in rice fields. Our study highlights the importance of simultaneous quantification of SOC sequestration and non-CO2 GHG emissions in developing effective agricultural climate change mitigation measures and assessing regional climate impacts.