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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Sunflower and Plant Biology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #390608

Research Project: Genetic Enhancement of Sunflower Yield and Tolerance to Biotic Stress

Location: Sunflower and Plant Biology Research

Title: Genomic insights into Sclerotinia basal stalk rot resistance introgressed from wild Helianthus praecox into cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Author
item TALUKDER, ZAHIRUL - North Dakota State University
item Underwood, William
item Misar, Christopher
item Seiler, Gerald
item LI, XUEHUI - North Dakota State University
item Cai, Xiwen
item Qi, Lili

Submitted to: Frontiers in Plant Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/27/2022
Publication Date: 5/18/2022
Citation: Talukder, Z., Underwood, W., Misar, C.G., Seiler, G.J., Li, X., Cai, X., Qi, L. 2022. Genomic insights into Sclerotinia basal stalk rot resistance introgressed from wild Helianthus praecox into cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Frontiers in Plant Science. Vol 13 Article 840954. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.840954.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.840954

Interpretive Summary: Sclerotinia basal stalk rot (BSR) is a serious disease of sunflower caused by the fungus, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Sclerotinia wilt). It is most damaging in the cool and humid Northern Great Plains regions of the United States where most of the US sunflower crop is grown. The wild sunflower species, Helianthus praecox, is known to be highly resistant to the BSR disease. Incorporation of resistance from the wild species into cultivated sunflower has been accomplished through breeding. However, molecular characterization of the resistance trait is critical for further utilization of BSR resistance in future breeding programs. To help this effort, a mapping population was developed by crossing H. praecox with adapted sunflower lines to identify genetic locations contributing resistance to BSR. Molecular markers associated with the BSR resistance trait were identified. These will facilitate future breeding efforts to combat this serious disease in sunflower.

Technical Abstract: Crop wild relatives of the cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) are a valuable resource for its sustainable production. Helianthus praecox ssp. runyonii is a wild sunflower known for its resistance against diseases caused by the fungus, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary, which infects over 400 broadleaf hosts including many important food crops. The objective of this research was to dissect the Sclerotinia basal stalk rot (BSR) resistance introgressed from H. praecox ssp. runyonii into cultivated sunflower. An advanced backcross quantitative trait loci (AB-QTL) mapping population was developed from the cross of a H. praecox accession with cultivated sunflower lines. The AB-QTL population was evaluated for BSR resistance in the field during the summers of 2017-2018 and in the greenhouse in the spring of 2018. Highly significant genetic variations (p < 0.001) were observed for the BSR disease in the field and greenhouse with a moderately high broad-sense heritability (H2) ranging from 0.66-0.73. Genotyping-by-sequencing approach was used to genotype the parents and the progeny lines of the AB-QTL population. A genetic linkage map spanning 1,802.95 cM was constructed using 1,755 SNP markers mapped on 17 sunflower chromosomes. A total of 19 BSR resistance QTL were detected on nine sunflower chromosomes, each explaining 2.21% to 16.99% of the phenotypic variance for resistance in the AB-QTL population. Sixteen of the 19 QTL had alleles conferring increased BSR resistance derived from the H. praecox parent. SNP markers flanking the identified QTL will facilitate marker-assisted breeding to combat the disease in sunflower.