|ZE-QING, NIU - Institute Of Zoology - China|
|FENG, YUAN - Institute Of Zoology - China|
|ASCHER, JOHN - National University Of Singapore|
|KASPAREK, MAX - Consultant|
|ORR, MICHAEL - Institute Of Zoology - China|
|ZHU, CHAO-DONG - Institute Of Zoology - China|
Submitted to: Zootaxa
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/12/2020
Publication Date: 10/22/2020
Citation: Ze-Qing, N., Feng, Y., Ascher, J.S., Kasparek, M., Orr, M.C., Griswold, T.L., Zhu, C. 2020. Bees of the Genus Anthidium Fabricius, 1804 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthidiini) from China. Zootaxa. 4867(1):001-067. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4867.1.1.
Interpretive Summary: The carder bees of China are not well known. Here carder bees of the genus Anthidium of China are reviewed with 21 species found in the country. Five new species known only from China are named and described. For two species known only from one sex, the opposite sex was discovered and is described. Two species described from China and thought to be only found in China were found to be the same as older names from outside of China. The distributions are given for all the species and a key for recognizing them is provided.
Technical Abstract: The Chinese bees of the genus Anthidium Fabricius, 1804, are reviewed. Twenty-one species are confirmed to occur in China, five of which are described and illustrated as new Chinese endemics: Anthidium (Anthidium) pseudomontanum Niu & Zhu, sp. nov., A. (A.) pseudophilorum Niu & Zhu, sp. nov., A. (A.) tasitiense Niu & Zhu, sp. nov., A. (A.) xuezhongi Niu & Zhu, sp. nov., and A. (Proanthidium) qingtaoi Niu & Zhu, sp. nov.. The previously unknown female of A. (A.) kashmirense Mavromoustakis, 1937 and male of A. (P.) kashgarense (Cockerell, 1911) are described for the first time. Anthidium (A.) furcatum Wu, 2004 (junior primary homonym, nec Anthidium furcatum Ducke, 1908) is replaced with its valid and available synonym A. (A.) striatum Wu, 2004. New synonymies are also established for A. (A.) kashmirense Mavromoustakis, 1937 = A. (A.) nigroventrale Wu, 1982 syn. nov., and A. (A.) florentinum (Fabricius, 1775) = A. (A.) helianthinum Wu, 2004, syn. nov. The non-Chinese Anthidium amabile Alfken, 1933["1932"] (junior primary homonym, nec Anthidium porterae var. amabile Cockerell, 1904) is unavailable and the available name Anthidium (Proanthidium) minimum Pasteels, 1969, is valid for this species. Updated synonymies and distributional data are provided for some widespread Palearctic species including two now adventive in the New World. For Chinese species the distribution and floral associations of each are provided along with and illustrations and a key to the known Chinese species.