Location: Plant, Soil and Nutrition ResearchTitle: Pathways for carotenoid biosynthesis, degradation, and storage
|SUN, TIANHU - Cornell University - New York|
|TADMOR, YAAKOV - Agricultural Research Organization Of Israel|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/15/2019
Publication Date: 11/20/2019
Citation: Sun, T., Tadmor, Y., Li, L. 2019. Pathways for carotenoid biosynthesis, degradation, and storage. In: Rodriguez-Concepcion M., Welsch, R. (eds). Plant and Food Carotenoids. Methods in Molecular Biology. Vol 2083. New York, NY:Humana. p. 3-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-9952-1_1.
Technical Abstract: Carotenoids are isoprenoid compounds synthesized de novo in all photosynthetic organisms as well as in some non-photosynthetic bacteria and fungi. In plants, carotenoids are essential for light harvesting and photoprotection. They contribute to the vivid color found in many plant organs. The cleavage of carotenoids produces small molecules (apocarotenoids) that serve as aroma compounds, as well as phytohormones and signals to impact plant growth and development. Since carotenoids provide valuable nutrition and health benefits for humans, understanding of carotenoid biosynthesis, catabolism and storage is important for bio-fortification in crops with improved nutritional quality. This chapter primarily introduces our current knowledge about carotenoid biosynthesis and degradation pathways as well as carotenoid storage in plants.