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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Charleston, South Carolina » Vegetable Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #362479

Research Project: Biological, Genetic and Genomic Based Disease Management for Vegetable Crops

Location: Vegetable Research

Title: Genome of the African cassava whitefly Bemisia tabaci and distribution and genetic diversity of cassava-colonizing whiteflies in Africa

Author
item CHEN, WENBO - BOYCE THOMPSON INSTITUTE
item WOSULA, EVERLYNE - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item Hasegawa, Daniel
item CASINGA, CLERISSE - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item SHIRIMA, RUDOLPH - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item FIABOE, KOMI - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item HANNA, RACHID - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item FOSTO, APOLLIN - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item GOERGEN, GEORG - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item TAMÒ, MANUELE - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item MAHUKU, GEORGE - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item TRIPATHI, LEENA - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item MWARE, BERNARD - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item KUMAR, LAVA - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item NTAWURUHUNGA, PHENEAS - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item MOYO, CHRISTOPHER - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item YOMENI, MARIE - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item BOAHEN, STEPHEN - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item EDET, MICHAEL - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item AWOYALE, WASIU - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item Wintermantel, William - Bill
item Ling, Kai-Shu
item LEGG, JAMES - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL AGRICULTURE (IITA)
item FEI, ZHANGJUN - BOYCE THOMPSON INSTITUTE

Submitted to: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/14/2019
Publication Date: 5/15/2019
Citation: Chen, W., Wosula, E.N., Hasegawa, D.K., Casinga, C., Shirima, R.R., Fiaboe, K.K., Hanna, R., Fosto, A., Goergen, G., Tamò, M., Mahuku, G., Tripathi, L., Mware, B., Kumar, L.P., Ntawuruhunga, P., Moyo, C., Yomeni, M., Boahen, S., Edet, M., Awoyale, W., Wintermantel, W.M., Ling, K., Legg, J.P., Fei, Z. 2019. Genome of the African cassava whitefly Bemisia tabaci and distribution and genetic diversity of cassava-colonizing whiteflies in Africa. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 110:112-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.Ibmb.2019.05.003.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/J.Ibmb.2019.05.003

Interpretive Summary: The whitefly Bemisia tabaci is an agricultural pest of ornamental, vegetable, grain, legume, and cotton crops, causing damage directly through feeding and indirectly through the transmission of hundred of plant pathogenic viruses in the U.S. and around the world. In Africa, cassava-colonizing B. tabaci transmits viruses that cause cassava mosaic disease (CMV) and cassava brown streak disease (CBSD). Half of all cassava plants in Africa are affected by these viral diseases, resulting in annual production losses of more than US$ 1 billion. In this study, with funding support from the USAID Feed-the-Future program, in collaboration with scientists from Boyce Thompson Institute and International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, ARS scientists decoded a draft genome of the cassava whitefly B. tabaci Sub-Saharan Africa - East and Central Africa (SSA-ECA), the super-abundant population that has been associated with the rapid spread of viruses causing the pandemics of CMD and CBSD. The genome of SSA-ECA and the genetic findings provide valuable resources and guidance to facilitate whitefly research and the development of strategies to control cassava viral diseases spread by whiteflies.

Technical Abstract: The whitefy Bemisia tabaci, a species complex consisting of many morphologically indistinguishable species divided into distinct clades, is one of the most globally important agricultural pests and plant virus vectors. Cassava-colonizing B. tabaci transmits viruses that cause cassava mosaic disease (CMD) and cassava brown streak disease (CBSD). Half of all cassava plants in Africa are affected by these viral diseases, resulting in annual production losses of more than US$ 1 billion. Here we report the draft genome of the cassava whitefly B. tabaci Sub-Saharan Africa - East and Central Africa (SSA-ECA), the super-abundant population that has been associated with the rapid spread of viruses causing the pandemics of CMD and CBSD. The SSA-ECA genome assembled from Illumina short reads has a total size of 513.7 Mb and a scaffold N50 length of 497 kb, and contains 15,084 protein-coding genes. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that SSA-ECA diverged from MEAM1 around 5.26 million years ago. A comprehensive genetic analysis of cassava-colonizing B. tabaci in Africa was also conducted, in which a total of 243 whitefly specimens were collected from 18 countries representing all major cassava-growing regions in the continent and genotyped using NextRAD sequencing. Population genomic analyses confirmed the existence of six major populations linked by gene flow and inferred the distribution patterns of these populations across the African continent. The genome of SSA-ECA and the genetic findings provide valuable resources and guidance to facilitate whitefly research and the development of strategies to control cassava viral diseases spread by whiteflies.