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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Davis, California » Western Human Nutrition Research Center » Obesity and Metabolism Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #360684

Title: Human milk metabolomics using the Biocrates AbsoluteIDQ® p180 kit

item HAMPEL, DANIELA - University Of California, Davis
item Shahab-Ferdows, Setti
item HOSSAIN, MUUTAQUINA - International Centre For Diarrhoeal Disease Research
item ISLAM, MUNIRUL - International Centre For Diarrhoeal Disease Research
item AHMED, TAHMEED - International Centre For Diarrhoeal Disease Research
item Allen, Lindsay - A

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/8/2019
Publication Date: 6/13/2019
Citation: Hampel, D., Shahab-Ferdows, S., Hossain, M., Islam, M.M., Ahmed, T., Allen, L.H. 2019. Human milk metabolomics using the Biocrates AbsoluteIDQ® p180 kit. Meeting Abstract. 3.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Objectives: Targeted metabolomics are commercially available for human plasma, but not for human milk. However, metabolite analyses could provide a novel and efficient approach to understanding human milk composition and relationships to maternal and infant status. Methods: Pooled human milk was used to evaluate and validate the Biocrates AbsoluteIDQ® p180 kit for human milk metabolomics (40 acylcarnitines, 42 acids/biogenic amines, 91 phospholipids, 15 sphingolipids, sum of hexoses) using an ABSciex 5500QTRAP mass spectrometer in LC-MS/MS and flow injection analysis (FIA) mode. In a feasibility study, milk collected < 6 mo lactation from a) Bangladeshi healthy mothers (BMI > 18.5, n=12) and from b) mothers with stunted infants (HAZ-score < -2; n=13) were analyzed. Results: 120 of the detectable 188 assay metabolites were found in the pooled milk, including all of the sphingolipids and amino acids. Additional internal standards (IS) were prepared for lysine and some biogenic amines for higher accuracy. Higher amounts of glutamate, taurine, and putrescine in milk required higher levels of calibrators than for plasma in LC-MS/MS mode. For metabolites of low abundance diluted calibrators (0.25 and 0.5) were added. FIA provided results for 94 of 146 metabolites above LOD without any carry-over. Metabolite recoveries (levels) varied between 64.1 and 127.0%. Intra-assay variations (6 replicates) for all detectable metabolites ranged between 3.4 and 18.4%. Human milk from mothers feeding healthy compared to malnourished infants was higher in the amino acids citrulline, glutamate, glycine, phenylalanine, and carnitine, while histamine and dodecanoylcarnitine were lower (Student’s t-test, p<0.05 for all). Conclusions: The AbsoluteIDQ® p180 can be used for human milk application and thus allows the application of the same assay for both human plasma and milk, enhancing comparability of results by reducing analytical bias due to different analytical techniques. Funding and Disclosures: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP1148405 & OPP1164613), USDA/ARS Intramural Project (5306-51530-019-00).