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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Bowling Green, Kentucky » Food Animal Environmental Systems Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #360342

Research Project: Developing Safe, Efficient and Environmentally Sound Management Practices for the Use of Animal Manure

Location: Food Animal Environmental Systems Research

Title: Removal of reactive dye using novel low cost activated carbon obtained from Prunus x yedoensis leaf by chemical activation

Author
item Manikandan, Velu - Chonbuk National University
item Velmurugan, Palanivel - Chonbuk National University
item Lovanh, Nanh
item Jayanthi, Palaniyappan - Periyar University
item Park, Yool-jin - Chonbuk National University
item Cho, Min - Chonbuk National University
item Oh, Byung-taek - Chonbuk National University

Submitted to: Indian Journal of Chemical Technology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/10/2018
Publication Date: 11/1/2018
Citation: Manikandan, V., Velmurugan, P., Lovanh, N.C., Jayanthi, P., Park, Y., Cho, M., Oh, B. 2018. Removal of reactive dye using novel low cost activated carbon obtained from Prunus x yedoensis leaf by chemical activation. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology. 25(6):583-587.

Interpretive Summary: Wastewater and water treatment are now becoming more critical due to increasing agricultural and industrial pollution in our environment. Dyes, hazardous and toxic materials discharged through agro-industrial productions are of great concern to human health, aquatic life, food web and our ecosystems. Thus, it is necessary to find a cheap and renewable sources of abatement systems to reduce these potential pollutions. Adsorbent technology, especially from renewable sources, is a promising strategy. This study involves the utilization of activated carbon obtained from common agricultural plants (prumus x yedoensis) for adsorption of industry dyes (remazol brilliant violet). The results show that activated carbon obtained from the plant leaves can be used to adsorb these dyes in treatment systems and, hence, reduce potential pollutions from entering our environment.

Technical Abstract: The eco-friendly production of activated carbon from Prumus x yedoensis tree leaf (PYTL) for the removal of Remazol brilliant violet-5R reactive (RBV) dye has been studied for the first time. This carbon has been obtained by the chemical carbonization using concentrated H2SO4 in a ratio of 2:1 (H2SO4:PYTL, v/w) followed by drying at 150 °C for 24 hr. The RBV treated and untreated carbon are characterized using HR-FESEM, EDS, SRD, FTIR, and BET analysis. The PYTL carbon is found to be 100 mg/L for maximum removal of 10 ppm, in the time frame of 60 min and the desorption of 20 mg/L.