Location: Northwest Irrigation and Soils ResearchTitle: Beet curly top resistance in USDA-ARS Plant Introduction Lines, 2018
Submitted to: Plant Disease Management Reports
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/29/2019
Publication Date: 3/1/2019
Citation: Strausbaugh, C.A., Hellier, B.C. 2019. Beet curly top resistance in USDA-ARS Plant Introduction Lines, 2018. Plant Disease Management Reports. 13:CF050.
Interpretive Summary: Curly top in the semiarid sugar beet production areas of the United States is caused by Beet curly top virus and vectored by the beet leafhopper. Resistant sugar beet cultivars became available in the 1930s prior to which curly top combined with drought almost eliminated the sugar beet industry in the western United States. However, resistance is typically low to intermediate in commercial sugar beet cultivars and has a tendency to be associated with lower yield potential. Thus, novel sources of resistance need to be identified and incorporated into commercial cultivars. Thirty sugar beet USDA-ARS Plant Introduction (PI) lines were screened for resistance to curly top. Five of the lines performed very well and will be investigated further for incorporation into germplasm lines so they can be utilized to improve BCTV resistance in commercial sugar beet cultivars.
Technical Abstract: Curly top caused by Beet curly top virus (BCTV) is a widespread disease problem vectored by the beet leafhopper in semiarid sugar beet production areas. Host resistance is the primary defense against this problem, but resistance in commercial cultivars is only low to intermediate. In order to identify novel sources of curly top resistance, 30 sugar beet USDA-ARS Plant Introduction (PI) lines were screened in a disease nursery in 2018. The lines were arranged in a randomized complete block design with six replications. A curly top epiphytotic was created by releasing six viruliferous beet leafhoppers per plant at the four- to six-leaf growth stage on 25 June. Foliar symptoms were evaluated on 10 July using a scale of 0-9 (0 = healthy and 9 = dead) in a continuous manner. Curly top symptom development was uniform and no other disease problems were evident in the plot area. The disease pressure in the test was severe with good symptom development in the susceptible checks. Based on the visual rating, five entries (18, 22, 26, 27, and 29) performed the same as the resistant check. These germplasm lines will be investigated further for incorporation into germplasm lines so they can be utilized to improve BCTV resistance in commercial sugar beet cultivars.