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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Auburn, Alabama » Soil Dynamics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #358224

Research Project: Sustainable Production, Profit, and Environmental Stewardship through Conservation Systems

Location: Soil Dynamics Research

Title: Nitrogen credits from peanut (Arachis hypogaea) residues to subsequent crops

item MULVANEY, MICHAEL - University Of Florida
item JANI, ARUN - University Of Florida
item Balkcom, Kipling
item JORDAN, DAVID - North Carolina State University

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/1/2018
Publication Date: 11/4/2018
Citation: Mulvaney, M.J., Jani, A.D., Balkcom, K.S., Jordan, D. 2018. Nitrogen credits from peanut (Arachis hypogaea) residues to subsequent crops [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. CDROM.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Cooperative Extension throughout the Southeast currently recommends 22-67 kg N/ha credit to subsequent crops following peanut (Arachis hypogaea). However, these values are not supported in the peer-reviewed literature. Most of the peer-reviewed literature has shown that N credits to subsequent crops are negligible. Data from field litterbag mineralization studies in AL and NC show that potential N credits from peanut residue mineralization potentially contribute 14-24 kg N/ha to wheat (Triticum aestivum) and 2-10 kg N/ha to cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) depending on location and residue management. Field rotations with peanut, cotton, and fallow prior to wheat showed that peanut N credits to wheat were not significant. This corroborates the few publications addressing the issue in the literature. Current Extension recommendations regarding N credits after peanut are higher than those shown in the peer reviewed literature and warrant re-examination.