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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Madison, Wisconsin » U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center » Dairy Forage Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #350810

Research Project: Forage Characteristics and Utilization that Improve Efficiency of Growth, Performance, Nutrient Use, and Environmental Impacts of Dairy Production

Location: Dairy Forage Research

Title: Evaluation of a limit feeding strategy with canola or soybean meals on dairy cow performance

item Moore, Spencer - University Of Wisconsin
item Kalscheur, Kenneth

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/5/2018
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Shrinking margins in the dairy industry dictate a need for increasing efficiencies of feed conversion to milk and limiting feed waste on the farm. The aim was to determine if performance and efficiency were similar when feeding two protein sources (canola meal, CM; soybean meal, SBM) at two feeding levels (limit-fed, LF; ad libitum-fed, AL). Fifty-two multiparous Holstein cows (mean±SD; 98±38 DIM; 2.73±1.03 parity) received a common diet during a 4-wk covariate (COV) period. Animals were sorted by residual feed intake (RFI = DMIAct – DMIPred), grouped into quartiles, and then blocked to standardize milk yield (MY), milk components, body weight, dry matter intake (DMI) and days in milk. Each cow was randomized to receive one of four treatments. An average of COV wk 3-4 ad libitum intake was reduced by 5% in LF diets. The amount offered was evaluated weekly and reduced in pairs if a LF cow had orts = 0.907 kg as-fed. Average final restriction of the LF group was 92.8% of COV wk 3-4 ad libitum intake. Diets were formulated to contain 42%, 18% and 40% DM of corn silage, alfalfa haylage, and concentrate mix, respectively. The COV diet was formulated to contain equal crude protein from SBM and CM. Statistical analyses were performed as repeated measures using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Dry matter intake was greater for AL vs LF cows (mean±SEM; 29.0 vs 27.7±0.22 kg/d; P<0.02) during wk 1-4. DMI was greater for CM-fed cows in wk 1 by 0.65±0.22 kg/d (P<0.04) and for SBM-fed cows in wk 4 by 0.71±0.22 kg/d (P<0.03). Protein source did not have an effect on MY. Cows fed AL had greater MY, in wk 3-4 (52.4 vs 50.4±0.55 kg/d; P<0.02). Milk fat concentration was less for LF compared to AL cows in wk 3-5 (3.63 vs 3.87±0.07%; P <0.05). Milk urea nitrogen was lower in CM-fed cows (10.9 vs 11.6±0.24; P<0.01). Feed efficiency (FE) was greater in the LF treatment during wk 1 (1.99 vs. 1.92±0.02; P<0.02) but not different in other weeks. While the LF method was effective at equalizing DMI in SBM- and CM-fed animals, MY decreased and FE did not commensurately compensate. Continued investigation into limit feeding strategies is needed to evaluate the effect on digestion and efficiency.