|SUN, TIANHU - Cornell University|
|YUAN, HUI - Cornell University|
|CAO, HONGBO - Cornell University|
|YAZDANI, MOHAMMAD - Cornell University|
|TADMOR, Y. - Agricultural Research Organization Of Israel|
Submitted to: Molecular Plant
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/2/2017
Publication Date: 1/15/2018
Citation: Sun, T., Yuan, H., Cao, H., Yazdani, M., Tadmor, Y., Li, L. 2018. Carotenoid metabolism in plants: the role of plastids. Molecular Plant. 11:58-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2017.09.010.
Technical Abstract: Carotenoids are indispensable to plants and critical in human diets. Plastids are the organelles for carotenoid biosynthesis and storage in plant cells. They exist in various types, which include proplastids, etioplasts, chloroplasts, amyloplasts, and chromoplasts. These plastids have dramatic differences in their capacity to synthesize and sequester carotenoids. Clearly, plastids play a central role in governing carotenogenic activity, carotenoid stability, and pigment diversity. Understanding of carotenoid metabolism and accumulation in various plastids expands our view on the multifaceted regulation of carotenogenesis and facilitates our efforts toward developing nutrient enriched food crops. In this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of the impact of various types of plastids on carotenoid biosynthesis and accumulation, and discuss recent advances in our understanding of the regulatory control of carotenogenesis and metabolic engineering of carotenoids in light of plastid types in plants.