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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #348131

Research Project: Cotton-based Nonwovens

Location: Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research

Title: Nanoengineered cotton wipes

item Nam, Sunghyun
item Condon, Brian
item Fontenot, Krystal
item Hinchliffe, Doug
item Reynolds, Michael

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/7/2017
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Advances in nanotechnology are creating synergy with nonwoven technology in cleaning and/or disinfecting power for the next generation of wipe products. However, there is little known about the use of cotton fiber in wipes as a nanoengineering tool, which self-produces silver nanoparticles -- one of the most powerful antimicrobial agents. Here, we showed that cotton itself enabled to synthesize silver nanoparticles in the outer cell layer of the fiber, i.e., the cuticle and the primary wall. Noncellulosic components present on the outer layer effectively reduced silver ions into elemental silver. The subsequent growth of particles on the solid surface was stable, producing nanoparticles approximately 20 nm in diameter without using any stabilizing agents, which are usually required in solution phase synthesis to prevent the agglomeration of nanoparticles. This new biogenic synthesis, which does not rely on toxic reducing agents, stabilizing agents, and organic solvents, is low-cost and reliable green processes. The low-weight hydroentangled wipes made of the nanosilver-cotton fiber exhibited 100% and 99.98% reductions in the cell viability of the Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, respectively, in the wipe efficacy testing.