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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Madison, Wisconsin » U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center » Dairy Forage Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #338641

Research Project: Forage Characteristics that Alter Feed Utilization, Manure Characteristics and Environmental Impacts of Dairy Production

Location: Dairy Forage Research

Title: Impact of dietary starch concentration formulated with two types corn silage on the performance of dairy cows

Author
item Sanchez-duarte, Juan - South Dakota State University
item Kalscheur, Kenneth

Submitted to: American Dairy Science Association Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/11/2017
Publication Date: 6/25/2017
Citation: Sanchez-Duarte, J.I., Kalscheur, K. 2017. Impact of dietary starch concentration formulated with two types corn silage on the performance of dairy cows [abstract]. American Dairy Science Association Abstracts. 100(Suppl 2):398.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: This study explored the effect of feeding different starch concentrations and conventional or brown midrib corn silage on the performance of lactating dairy cows. Forty-eight Holstein cows were assigned to 1 of 4 diets using a randomized complete block design with a 2-wk covariate period followed by an 8-wk experimental period. Experimental diets were arranged as a 2 × 2 factorial with 2 types of corn silages [conventional (CS) and brown midrib (BMR) corn silage] and 2 dietary starch concentrations (19 and 25% of DM). Diets were formulated to contain 60.7% forage and 39.3% concentrate on DM basis. Dried corn grain was replaced with soyhulls and beet pulp to decrease dietary starch concentration. A cow was the experimental unit. Silage × starch interactions were detected (P=0.05) for milk yield, energy-corrected milk (ECM), and feed efficiency (ECM/DMI). Milk yield was similar between cows fed BMR-25% starch and CS-19% starch, but was greater than for cows fed other diets. ECM was greatest for cows fed BMR-25% starch compared to the other 3 diets. Feed efficiency was greatest for cows fed CS-19% starch and BMR-25% starch and least for cows fed BMR-19% starch. Milk protein percentage was affected by starch concentration, resulting in greater protein concentration for cows fed 25% starch compared to cows fed the 19% starch diet. There was no effect of diet on DMI, milk fat percentage, milk fat and protein yield, and milk urea nitrogen. Overall, the milk and ECM of lactating dairy cows were superior when feeding BMR-25% starch, but cows fed BMR-19% starch responded similarly to cows fed CS diets at either 19 or 25% starch.