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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Auburn, Alabama » Soil Dynamics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #334684

Research Project: Enhancing Production and Ecosystem Services of Horticultural and Agricultural Systems in the Southeastern United States

Location: Soil Dynamics Research

Title: Meta-analysis as a tool to study crop productivity response to poultry litter application

item LIN, YARU - Auburn University
item VAN SANTEN, EDZARD - Auburn University
item Watts, Dexter

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/15/2015
Publication Date: 11/17/2015
Citation: Lin, Y., Van Santen, E., Watts, D.B. 2015. Meta-analysis as a tool to study crop productivity response to poultry litter application [abstract]. American Society of Agronomy Meetings, November 15-18, 2015, Minneapolis, Minnesota. CDROM.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Extensive research on the use of poultry litter (PL) under different agricultural practices in the USA has shown both negative and positive effects on crop productivity (either yield or aboveground biomass). However, these experimental results are substantially dependent on the experimental set-up, soil properties, and management systems, which determines the need for a comprehensive quantitative review. The objective of this study was to use meta-analytic methods to summarize and quantitatively describe the effect of PL on crop yield based on peer-reviewed published and unpublished research. Eighty studies, totaling 842 data sets were included in this analysis representing different region of the world, primarily the USA under different agricultural practices (i.e., crop species, tillage, application method, and application time, etc.). A separate analysis was conducted to study the effect of soil type, tillage method, poultry litter application rate, or crop in addition to the effect of poultry litter on crop yield. In loam soil, poultry litter had a significant positive effect whereas the effect in clay and sandy soils were negative; no significance was observed in silt soils. Under conventional tillage, mineral fertilizer had a positive effect on crop yield, albeit not significantly so, whereas poultry litter had a significant positive effect in strip-till or no-till situations. Poultry litter and mineral fertilizer application were matched for total applied N. The magnitude of the positive poultry litter effect was linked to rate. Among the agronomic crop in these studies, poultry litter had a positive effect on corn, cotton, soybean, and peanuts, but a negative effect on yield in barley and wheat.