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Research Project: Strategies to Predict and Mitigate the Impacts of Climate Variability on Soil, Plant, Animal, and Environmental Interactions

Location: Plant Science Research

Title: Bioassay of plant growth from soils varying in active C and N fractions

Author
item Pehim-limbu, Smriti - North Carolina State University
item Franzluebbers, Alan

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/6/2016
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Biologically active soil C and N fractions are important attributes of healthy soil. As a bioassay, we hypothesized that active soil C and N fractions would relate with plant dry matter production from unamended soil. Four replicate soil samples from 22 tall fescue fields in North Carolina and Virginia were collected in August 2015 for evaluation of soil C and N mineralization through aerobic incubation at 25 C and 50% water-filled pore space for up to 24 d. Triplicate subsamples of each soil sample were also utilized as a medium in the greenhouse for sorghum-sudangrass growth during 6 weeks. Net N mineralization varied from 40 to 240 mg/kg/24 d. Cumulative C mineralization, as well as the flush of CO2 following rewetting of dried soil during the initial 3 d, were highly related to net N mineralization. Dry matter of sorghum-sudangrass plants varied from as low as 4.1 mg/g soil when C mineralization was 485 mg/kg/24 d and net N mineralization was 47mg/kg/24 d to as high as 23.5 mg/g soil when C mineralization was 1053 mg/kg/24 d and net N mineralization was 224 mg/kg/24 d. Plant growth of sorghum-sudangrass was highly correlated with active C and N fractions, which validated our hypothesis.