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ARS Home » Plains Area » El Reno, Oklahoma » Grazinglands Research Laboratory » Forage and Livestock Production Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #332876

Research Project: Integrated Forage Systems for Food and Energy Production in the Southern Great Plains

Location: Forage and Livestock Production Research

Title: Evaluation of evapotranspiration from the breathing early system simulator (BESS) land surface model over the southern great plains of the United States

Author
item Mahan, Hayden - University Of Oklahoma
item Basara, Jeffrey - University Of Oklahoma
item Rye, Youngryel - Seoul National University
item Huang, Yan - Seoul National University
item Jiang, Chongya - Seoul National University
item Xiao, Xiangming - University Of Oklahoma
item Zhou, Yuting - University Of Oklahoma
item Bajgain, Rajen - University Of Oklahoma
item Wagle, Pradeep - University Of Oklahoma
item Gowda, Prasanna

Submitted to: Annual American Geophysical Union Hydrology Days
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/15/2016
Publication Date: 12/12/2016
Citation: Mahan, H., Basara, J., Rye, Y., Huang, Y., Jiang, C., Xiao, X., Zhou, Y., Bajgain, R., Wagle, P., Gowda, P. 2016. Evaluation of evapotranspiration from the breathing early system simulator (BESS) land surface model over the southern great plains of the United States [abstract]. American Geophysical Union, December 12-16, 2016, San Francisco, California. Available: https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm16/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/120994.

Interpretive Summary: Abstract only.

Technical Abstract: Scaling evapotranspiration (ET) from local measures to regional and global values is a critical task as improved understanding of ET processes can benefit weather and climate analysis and prediction, water management, and agriculture. This study examined the ET values produced by the Breathing Earth System Simulator (BESS) over the Southern Great Plains (SGP) of the United States. BESS is a global land surface model that estimates ET from 2000-2015 with a horizontal resolution of 1 km using instantaneous snapshots of satellite data upscaled to daily and 8-day products. The BESS values were compared with 15 eddy covariance flux towers with 59 site-years of observations over the SGP domain. The results show that the 8-day BESS ET values (R2 = .76) represent ET better than the MODIS (R2 = .62) 8-day ET products within the study area, and the interannual variability of estimated ET versus observed ET were very similar at a site-by-site scale. Further, spatiotemporal patterns during 2000-2015 were distinguishable over the SGP and captured anomalous events produced by varying meteorological conditions. Finally, the BESS-derived drought index (ratio of ET to potential ET) captured the evolution and magnitude of the 2011 drought event.