Location: Plant, Soil and Nutrition ResearchTitle: Plastids and carotenoid accumulation
|Yuan, Hui - Cornell University - New York|
|Zeng, Yuliu - Huazhong Agricultural University|
|Xu, Oiang - Huazhong Agricultural University|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/2016
Publication Date: 8/8/2016
Citation: Li, L., Yuan, H., Zeng, Y., Xu, O. 2016. Plastids and carotenoid accumulation. In: Stange, C., editor. Subcellular Biochemistry. Carotenoids in Nature - Biosynthesis, Regulation and Function. 1st edition. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. p. 273-293.
Technical Abstract: Plastids are ubiquitously in plants and are the organelles for carotenoid biosynthesis and storage. Based on their morphology and function, plastids are classified into various types, i.e. proplastids, etioplasts, chloroplasts, amyloplasts, and chromoplasts. All plastids except proplastids can synthesize carotenoids. However, plastid types possess profound effect on carotenoid accumulation and stability. In this chapter, we discuss carotenoid biosynthesis and regulation in various plastids with a focus on carotenoids in chromoplasts. Plastid transition in related to carotenoid biosynthesis and the different capacity of various plastids to sequester carotenoids in related to carotenoid stability are described in light of carotenoid accumulation in plants.