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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Ithaca, New York » Robert W. Holley Center for Agriculture & Health » Plant, Soil and Nutrition Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #332767

Research Project: Genetic and Genomic Basis of Vegetable and Fruit Biology, Quality and Nutrient Content

Location: Plant, Soil and Nutrition Research

Title: Plastids and carotenoid accumulation

Author
item Li, Li
item Yuan, Hui - Cornell University - New York
item Zeng, Yuliu - Huazhong Agricultural University
item Xu, Oiang - Huazhong Agricultural University

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/2016
Publication Date: 8/8/2016
Citation: Li, L., Yuan, H., Zeng, Y., Xu, O. 2016. Plastids and carotenoid accumulation. In: Stange, C., editor. Subcellular Biochemistry. Carotenoids in Nature - Biosynthesis, Regulation and Function. 1st edition. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. p. 273-293.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Plastids are ubiquitously in plants and are the organelles for carotenoid biosynthesis and storage. Based on their morphology and function, plastids are classified into various types, i.e. proplastids, etioplasts, chloroplasts, amyloplasts, and chromoplasts. All plastids except proplastids can synthesize carotenoids. However, plastid types possess profound effect on carotenoid accumulation and stability. In this chapter, we discuss carotenoid biosynthesis and regulation in various plastids with a focus on carotenoids in chromoplasts. Plastid transition in related to carotenoid biosynthesis and the different capacity of various plastids to sequester carotenoids in related to carotenoid stability are described in light of carotenoid accumulation in plants.