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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Columbia, Missouri » Plant Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #332105

Research Project: Modification of Soybeans for Food, Feed, and Industrial Applications

Location: Plant Genetics Research

Title: Characterization of seed storage proteins of several perennial glycine species

Author
item SONG, BO - Northeast Agricultural University, China
item Oehrle, Nathan
item LIU, SHANSHAN - Northeast Agricultural University, China
item Krishnan, Hari

Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/31/2016
Publication Date: 10/31/2016
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/5587802
Citation: Song, B., Oehrle, N.W., Liu, S., Krishnan, H.B. 2016. Characterization of seed storage proteins of several perennial glycine species. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 64:8499-8508. doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.6b03677.

Interpretive Summary: The commercial and nutritive value of soybean is influenced by the seed protein concentration. North American soybean cultivars contain about 36 - 38% protein on a dry weight basis. An increase in protein concentration by a few percentage points would significantly improve the value of the crop. Breeders have started to exploit the genetic diversity found in wild soybean relatives to boost seed protein content. To achieve this objective it is essential to first identify and characterize the abundant seed proteins of wild perennial relatives: Glycine spp. In contrast to the cultivated soybean, only limited information is available on the seed storage protein of wild perennial Glycine spp. Here, we have investigated the protein composition of several perennial Glycine species and demonstrate their immunological relatedness with cultivated soybean seed storage proteins. Information obtained from this study can be utilized by breeders to improve the protein content and composition of North American soybean cultivars.

Technical Abstract: Perennial Glycine species, distant relatives of soybean, have been recognized as a potential source of new genetic diversity for soybean improvement. The subgenus Glycine includes around 30 perennial species, which are well adapted to drought conditions and possess resistance to a number of soybean pathogens. In spite of the potential of the perennial Glycine species for soybean improvement, very little is known about their storage proteins and their relationship with cultivated soybean seed proteins. We have examined the seed protein composition of nine perennial Glycine species by 1-D and 2-D gel electrophoresis. The relationship between cultivated soybean and perennial soybean seed proteins were examined by immunoblot analyses using antibodies raised against G. max ß-conglycinin, glycinin A3 subunit, lipoxygenase, leginsulin, Kunitz trypsin inhibitor and Bowman-Birk protease inhibitor. Additionally, we have measured the trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitor activities from cultivated soybean and perennial Glycine species, and have found marked differences between them. Our 2-D gel and immunoblot analyses demonstrate significant differences in the protein composition and size heterogeneities of the 7S and 11S seed storage proteins of soybean and perennial Glycine species. Perennial Glycine species accumulated a 45 kDa protein that was not detected in G. max and G. soja. This unique 45 kDa protein was immunologically related to the A3 glycinin subunit of G. max. The results of our studies suggest that even though the seed proteins of wild perennial Glycine species and G. max are immunologically related, their genes have diverged from each other during the course of evolution.