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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Tifton, Georgia » Crop Genetics and Breeding Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #331378

Research Project: Genetic Enhancement and Management of Warm-Season Species for Forage, Turf and Renewable Energy

Location: Crop Genetics and Breeding Research

Title: Advanced technologies to accelerate sorghum breeding

Author
item Knoll, Joseph - Joe

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/1/2017
Publication Date: 7/9/2018
Citation: Knoll, J.E. 2018. Advanced technologies to accelerate sorghum breeding. In: Rooney, W. (ed.). Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Sorghum. Volume 1. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, Ltd., Cambridge, UK. 525 pp. 113-126.

Interpretive Summary: Sorghum is a critically important crop, yet advanced technologies for its improvement have lagged behind other crops like maize. This chapter first summarizes some of the current technologies beyond conventional breeding methods that can be utilized for crop improvement in sorghum. Some of these techniques have been around for many years, such as wide crossing and mutagenesis breeding, while others, such as marker assisted breeding, have only recently become widely adopted by sorghum breeders. This chapter then explores some newer technologies, some of which are already common practice in other crops, that have potential applications in sorghum, including doubled haploid breeding and transgenic technology. The potential application of genome editing and high-throughput phenotyping technologies in sorghum are also discussed.

Technical Abstract: Sorghum is a critically important crop, yet advanced technologies for its improvement have lagged behind other crops like maize. This chapter first summarizes some of the current technologies beyond conventional breeding methods that can be utilized for crop improvement in sorghum. Some of these techniques have been around for many years, while others, such as marker assisted breeding, have only recently become widely adopted by sorghum breeders. This chapter then explores some newer technologies, some of which are already common practice in other crops, that have potential applications in sorghum, including doubled haploid breeding and transgenic technology.