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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Bowling Green, Kentucky » Food Animal Environmental Systems Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #329754

Research Project: Efficient Management and Use of Animal Manure to Protect Human Health and Environmental Quality

Location: Food Animal Environmental Systems Research

Title: Biogas production from poultry rendering plant anaerobic digesters: systems comparison

Author
item Lovanh, Nanh
item Loughrin, John
item Ruiz-aguilar, G.m.l. - University Of Guanajuato

Submitted to: Meeting Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/5/2016
Publication Date: 10/23/2016
Citation: Lovanh, N.C., Loughrin, J.H., Ruiz-Aguilar, G. 2016. Biogas production from poultry rendering plant anaerobic digesters: systems comparison. Meeting Proceedings. Paper No. 0289.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Animal wastes can serve as the feedstock for biogas production (mainly methane) that could be used as alternative energy source. The green energy derived from animal wastes is considered to be carbon neutral and offsetting those generated from fossil fuels. In this study, an evaluation of system parameters on methane production from anaerobic digesters utilizing poultry rendering plant wastewater was carried out. Anaerobic batch reactors and continuous flow system subjected to different operational conditions (i.e., flow rate, temperature, and etc.) containing poultry rendering wastewater were set up to evaluate methane potential from each scenario. Biogas productions were sampled and monitored by gas chromatography and photoacoustic gas analyzer over six months of operation. The results showed that methane productions increased as the temperature increased. However, there is an upper limit to the increase in the temperature on the methane production. Flow rates and type of systems (batch vs. plug-flow regime) also had a major effect on methane production. Constant biogas production was observed in plug-flow system whereas batch system produced biogas quicker and tapering off toward the end of the six-month study. Based on these results, it is paramount to consider operating conditions and system setup in optimizing biogas production from agricultural wastewater.