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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Structure and Quality Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #322521

Research Project: Improved Quality Assessments of Cotton from Fiber to Final Products

Location: Cotton Structure and Quality Research

Title: Comparative relationship of fiber strength and yarn tenacity in four cotton cultivars

Author
item Liu, Yongliang
item Campbell, Benjamin - Todd
item Delhom, Christopher - Chris
item Martin, Vicki - Cotton, Inc

Submitted to: Journal of Materials Science Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/26/2015
Publication Date: 11/5/2015
Citation: Liu, Y., Campbell, B.T., Delhom, C.D., Martin, V. 2015. Comparative relationship of fiber strength and yarn tenacity in four cotton cultivars. Journal of Materials Science Research. 5(1):46-53.

Interpretive Summary: There have been considerable studies designed to derive yarn quality from acquired fiber quality data by various means, including high volume instrumentation (HVITM). There is also of desired information about the comparison of yarn quality within a cotton cultivar or among the cultivars, as such knowledge could be informative in attempts to understand the selection of cotton cultivars. Instead of developing linear regression models from acquired fiber property parameters to predict yarn tenacity, this study proposed a simple ratio method (i.e., correct fiber strength or yarn tenacity with fiber micronaire component) to relate fiber strength with yarn tenacity among four cotton cultivar harvested from three locations in different crop years. The preliminary results indicated that three cultivars (DP 393, Phytogen 72, and FM 958) show stronger correlation between micronaire corrected yarn tenacity and micronaire corrected fiber HVI strength. The outcome provides cotton fiber researchers a new sight of utilizing HVI fiber micronaire and strength property data, as a semi-quantitative and fast tool, to compare the yarn tenacity performance within a cotton cultivar or between cultivars.

Technical Abstract: High volume instrumentation (HVITM) measurement is a primary and routine tool of providing fiber properties to cotton researchers. There have been considerable studies designed to derive yarn quality from acquired fiber quality data by various means, including HVI. There is also of desired information about the comparison of yarn quality within a cotton cultivar or among the cultivars, as such knowledge could be informative in attempts to understand the selection of cotton cultivars. The purpose of this preliminary study was to characterize the fiber HVI strength and yarn skein tenacity of four cotton cultivar harvested from three locations in different crop years. Instead of developing linear regression models from acquired fiber property parameters to predict yarn tenacity, this study applied a simple ratio method (i.e., correct fiber strength or yarn tenacity with fiber micronaire component) to relate fiber strength with yarn tenacity. The results indicate that three cultivars (DP 393, Phytogen 72, and FM 958) show stronger correlation between micronaire corrected yarn tenacity and micronaire corrected fiber HVI strength. It implies the feasibility of utilizing HVI fiber micronaire and strength property data, as a semi-quantitative and fast tool, to compare the yarn tenacity performance within a cotton cultivar or between cultivars.