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ARS Home » Plains Area » Las Cruces, New Mexico » Cotton Ginning Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #316048

Title: Particle size distribution characteristics of cotton gin master trash system total particulate emissions

item BUSER, MICHAEL - Oklahoma State University
item Whitelock, Derek
item BOYKIN, J - Retired ARS Employee
item Holt, Gregory

Submitted to: World Wide Web
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/1/2015
Publication Date: 4/1/2015
Citation: Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., Boykin, J.C., Holt, G.A. 2015. Particle size distribution characteristics of cotton gin master trash system total particulate emissions. National Cotton Gin Technical Reports. Report #OSU13-17. Available:

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: This report is part of a project to characterize cotton gin emissions from the standpoint of total particulate stack sampling and particle size analyses. In 2013, EPA published a more stringent standard for particulate matter with nominal diameter less than or equal to 2.5 µm (PM2.5). This created an urgent need to collect additional cotton gin emissions data to address current regulatory issues, because EPA AP-42 cotton gin PM2.5 emission factors did not exist. In addition, current EPA AP-42 emission factor quality ratings for cotton gin PM10 (particulate matter with nominal diameter less than or equal to 10 µm) data are questionable and extremely low. The objective of this study was to characterize particulate emissions for master trash systems from cotton gins located in regions across the cotton belt based on EPA-approved total particulate stack sampling methodologies and particle size analyses. Average measured PM2.5, PM10 and PM10-2.5 emission factors based on the mass and particle size analyses of EPA Method 17 total particulate filter and wash samples from five gins (15 total test runs) were 0.0035 kg/227-kg bale (0.0076 lb/500-lb bale), 0.048 kg/bale (0.106 lb/bale), and 0.045 kg/bale (0.098 lb/bale), respectively. Excluding data from one of the gins that had a non-standard cyclone resulted in PSD based emission factors that were lower by 8% for PM2.5, 12% for PM10, and 13% for PM10-2.5. The master trash system particle size distributions were characterized by an average mass median diameter of 20.65 µm (aerodynamic equivalent diameter) and a geometric standard deviation of 2.96. Based on system average emission factors, the ratio of PM2.5 to total particulate was 1.9%, PM2.5 to PM10 was 7.2%, PM10 to total was 26%, and PM10-2.5 to total was 24%. Particle size distribution based system average PM2.5 and PM10 emission factors were 83% and 86% of those measured for this project utilizing EPA-approved methods. The particle sized distribution based PM10 emission factor was 1.43 times that currently published in EPA AP-42.