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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Tifton, Georgia » Crop Genetics and Breeding Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #311267

Research Project: Genetic Enhancement and Management of Warm-Season Species for Forage, Turf and Renewable Energy

Location: Crop Genetics and Breeding Research

Title: General and specific combining ability of F1-hybrid sweet sorghum in Thailand

Author
item BUNPHAN, DARIKA - Khon Kaen University
item JAISIL, PRASIT - Khon Kaen University
item SANITCHON, JIRAWAT - Khon Kaen University
item Knoll, Joseph - Joe
item Anderson, William - Bill

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/30/2014
Publication Date: 11/30/2014
Citation: Bunphan, D., Jaisil, P., Sanitchon, J., Knoll, J.E., Anderson, W.F. 2014. General and specific combining ability of F1-hybrid sweet sorghum in Thailand. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meetings, Long Beach, CA, Nov. 2-5, 2014. https://scisoc.confex.com/scisoc/2014am/webprogram/Paper85426.html.

Interpretive Summary: not required

Technical Abstract: Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a promising biofuel crop that accumulates fermentable sugar in the stalk and can be directly fermented as bioethanol. Currently, most of sweet sorghum cultivars are pure lines. However, developing high-yielding hybrids has many advantages. To date there is little information concerning inheritance of important traits suited for hybrid improvement in Thailand or other tropical environments. General (GCA) and specific (SCA) combining abilities where determined from fifteen hybrids generated by crossing five male-sterile A lines with three pollen parents (KKU40, BJ248 and Theis). The hybrids were evaluated in 2013 at Field Crops Research Station at Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen (KKU) and the National Corn and Sorghum Research Center, Nakhon Ratchasima (NCSRC). A randomized complete block design with three replications was used at each site. GCA effects for Brix of two of the female parents (KKB-53 and KKB-139) were positive and significant. Female parent KKB-48 and male parents BJ248 and KKU40 had positive and significant GCA for biomass and juice yield while Theis was negative for both. Hybrids showing promising specific combining ability (SCA) for improvements in Brix were KKA-139 x BJ248, KKA-14 x Theis and KKA-53 x BJ248. The best performing hybrids for total sugar yield ha-1 were KKA-14 x KKU40, and KKA-139 x BJ248. The study suggests that specific combining ability is very important for traits such as Brix and biomass yield among crosses of available male sterile female and high producing pollen parents in Thailand and other combinations should be attempted.