Submitted to: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/2/2014
Publication Date: 12/8/2014
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/61594
Citation: Zehr, E.S., Bayles, D.O., Boatwright Jr, W.D., Tabatabai, L.B., Register, K.B. 2014. Non-contiguous finished genome sequence of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale strain H06-030791. Standards in Genomic Sciences. 9:14. DOI: 10.1186/1944-3277-9-14.
Interpretive Summary: This is the draft of the sequence of the genetic material of a bacterium, Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, which causes respiratory disease in poultry (strain H06-030791). This report comprises results from the second of two types of the bacterium that has been identified. The disease results in substantial economic losses to the poultry industry, including reduced egg production and hatchability in breeder flocks as well as up to 90% condemnation of broilers at slaughter. By studying the genes of this bacterium, researchers may find ways to make vaccines to prevent the disease, which should result in fewer losses for poultry producers.
Technical Abstract: The Gram-negative pleomorphic rod-shaped bacterium Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (O. rhinotracheale) is a cause of pneumonia and airsacculitis in poultry. It is a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes. O. rhinotracheale strain H06-030791 was isolated from the lung of a turkey in North Carolina in 2006. Its genome consists of a circular chromosome of 2,319,034 bp in length with a total of 2243 protein-coding and nine RNA genes. Genome sequences are available for two additional strains of O. rhinotracheale, isolated in 1988 and 1995, the latter described in a companion genome report in this issue of SIGS. The genome sequence of O. rhinotracheale strain H06-030791, a more contemporary isolate, will be of value in establishing core and pan-genomes for O. rhinotracheale and elucidating its evolutionary history.