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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Tifton, Georgia » Crop Protection and Management Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #295231

Research Project: Host Plant Resistance and Other Management Strategies for Nematodes in Cotton and Peanut

Location: Crop Protection and Management Research

Title: Utilizing management zones for Rotylenchulus reniformis in cotton: Effects on nematode levels, crop damage, and Pasteuria sp

item Davis, Richard
item Aryal, S - University Of Georgia
item Perry, C - University Of Georgia
item Sulivan, D - Turf Scout,llc
item Timper, Patricia - Patty
item Ortiz, B - Auburn University
item Stevenson, K - University Of Georgia
item Vellidis, G - University Of Georgia
item Hawkins, G - University Of Georgia

Submitted to: Society of Nematologists
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/1/2013
Publication Date: 1/15/2014
Citation: Davis, R.F., Aryal, S.K., Perry, C.D., Sulivan, D.G., Timper, P., Ortiz, B.V., Stevenson, K.L., Vellidis, G., Hawkins, G. 2014. Utilizing management zones for Rotylenchulus reniformis in cotton: Effects on nematode levels, crop damage, and Pasteuria sp. Society of Nematologists. 45:287.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Nematode management zones (MZs) based on soil electrical conductivity (EC, a proxy for soil texture) have not been published for R. reniformis. We tested 1) whether R. reniformis levels and the amount of damage caused to cotton differed among MZs, 2) if the relative effectiveness of nematicides differed among MZs, and 3) whether the prevalence of Pasteuria sp. on R. reniformis differed among MZs and nematicide treatments. A field with Dothan loamy sand and Nankin loamy sand soil types was divided into three MZs where MZ3 had sandier soil than MZ1 or MZ2, which were the same, and MZ2 had higher elevation than MZ1 or MZ3, which were the same. Levels of R. reniformis near planting in plots not receiving nematicide averaged 1342 (per 150 cm3 soil) in 2008, 610 in 2009, and 869 in 2010. Both soil texture and elevation influenced R. reniformis population levels with greater reproduction in finer-textured soil and reduced R. reniformis levels at higher elevation. Treatment effects on R. reniformis levels were the same in all MZs (no MZ × treatment interactions). The effects of texture and elevation on yield were similar to the effects on nematode levels. We observed endospores of Pasteuria sp., a bacterial parasite of nematodes, on R. reniformis at the field site used for this study. Pasteuria sp. generally had greater spore attachment to juvenile R. reniformis than to adults with no differences among MZs in percentage of nematodes with endospores, but the number of spores per nematode was lower in MZ3, which had the greatest sand content. The percentage of R. reniformis with endospores and the number of attached endospores were reduced by 1,3-dichloropropene + aldicarb. We documented that R. reniformis levels are affected by modest differences in soil texture and elevation, but levels of R. reniformis were above the action threshold in all MZs, therefore a uniform rate of nematicide would have been recommended and there would have been no cost savings from utilizing MZs in this field.