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Title: Using a phosphorus loss model to evaluate the Kentucky phosphorus index

item Bolster, Carl

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/27/2013
Publication Date: 11/8/2013
Citation: Bolster, C.H. 2013. Using a phosphorus loss model to evaluate the Kentucky phosphorus index. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Abstract.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resource Conservation Service (USDA-NRCS) has recently revised its 590 Nutrient Management Conservation Standard. As part of this revision, USDA-NRCS is requiring states to test the accuracy of their phosphorus (P) index using either measured P loss data or simulated P loss data generated from process-based models. With this in mind, the objective of this study was to critically evaluate the KY P index by comparing index output with simulated P loss data generated using the Annual P Loss Estimator (APLE) model. Furthermore, the general formulation of the index was evaluated against current research on the processes controlling P transport in the environment. Results suggest that in some areas the index does a good job in assigning P loss risk, however, this analysis also showed some important deficiencies in the index, primarily the neglect of important factors known to affect P loss (e.g., soil erosion and P application rates) and how the different factors in the index are weighted.