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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Animal Disease Center » Infectious Bacterial Diseases Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #285373

Research Project: PREVENTION AND CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR TUBERCULOSIS IN CATTLE AND WILDLIFE RESERVOIRS

Location: Infectious Bacterial Diseases Research

Title: Use of electronic nose technology to identify cattle experimentally infected with Mycobacterium bovis: A pilot study

Author
item Ellis, Christine - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS), National Wildlife Center
item Stahl, Randal - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item Nol, Pauline - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item Waters, Wade
item Palmer, Mitchell
item Vercauteren, Kurt - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item Rhyan, Jack - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item Mccollum, Matt - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item Van Sickle, Joni - Colorado State University
item Linke, Lindsey - Colorad0 State University
item Magnuson, Roberta - Colorado State University
item Salman, Mo - Colorado State University

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/19/2012
Publication Date: 11/19/2012
Citation: Ellis, C., Stahl, R., Nol, P., Waters, W.R., Palmer, M.V., Vercauteren, K., Rhyan, J., Mccollum, M., Van Sickle, J., Linke, L., Magnuson, R., Salman, M. 2012. Use of electronic nose technology to identify cattle experimentally infected with Mycobacterium bovis: A pilot study [abstract]. American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. p. 49.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Electronic nose technology has historically been utilized for the detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and semi-volatile compounds in air, soil, water, and for quality control in food, beverage and cosmetic industries. Breath analysis has been used experimentally in humans and animals to identify bacterial infection, sepsis, and gastrointestinal, neoplastic, respiratory tract, and urinary tract diseases. The source of VOCs present in the breath of affected humans and animals is unknown, but may include the infectious organism, inflammation, tissue necrosis, or other host responses. Study Objective: Determine if sorbent sample collection and electric nose technology could be used to differentiate between cattle experimentally infected with Mycobacterium bovis and healthy cattle via identification of VOC biomarkers in breath.