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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Mississippi State, Mississippi » Crop Science Research Laboratory » Genetics and Sustainable Agriculture Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #284100

Title: Genetic analysis without replications: Model evaluation and application in spring wheat

Author
item WU, JIXIANG - South Dakota State University
item BONDALAPATI, KRISHNA - South Dakota State University
item GLOVER, KARL - South Dakota State University
item BERZONSKY, WILLIAM - South Dakota State University
item Jenkins, Johnie
item McCarty, Jack

Submitted to: Euphytica
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/11/2012
Publication Date: 2/1/2013
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/56065
Citation: Wu, J., Bondalapati, K., Glover, K., Berzonsky, W., Jenkins, J.N., McCarty, J.C. 2013. Genetic analysis without replications: model evaluation and application in spring wheat. Euphytica. 190:447-458.

Interpretive Summary: Data collected from plant breeding and genetic studies may not be replicated in field even though field variation is always present. In this study, we addressed this problem using spring wheat data collected from two locations. There were no intra-location replications and an extended additive-dominance genetic model was used to account for field variation. The data was numerically evaluated from a simulation and variance components were estimated. Three agronomic traits from the spring wheat data set were analyzed as a demonstration. Results illustrated that these data could be effectively analyzed using an extended additive-dominance model. Actual data analysis revealed that all analyzed traits were significantly influenced by systematic field variation. Additive effects were significant for all traits and dominance effects were significant for plant height and time-to-flowering. Genetic effects were predicted and used to demonstrate that most spring wheat lines developed by the South Dakota State University breeding program exhibited good general combining ability effects for yield improvement. Thus, this study provides a general framework to appropriately analyze data in situations where field crop data are collected from non-replicated designs.

Technical Abstract: Genetic data collected from plant breeding and genetic studies may not be replicated in field designs even though field variation is present. In this study, we addressed this problem using spring wheat (Triticum eastivum L.) trial data collected from two locations. There were no intra-location replications and an extended additive-dominance model was used to account for field variation. We numerically evaluated the data from a simulation and estimated the variance components. As a demonstration, we analyzed three agronomic traits from the actual spring wheat data set. Results illustrated that these data could be effectively analyzed using an extended additive-dominance model, which was more comparable to a conventional model. Actual data analysis revealed that all traits were significantly influenced by systematic field variation. Additive effects were significant for all traits and dominance effects were significant for plant height and time-to-flowering. Genetic effects were predicted and used to demonstrate that most spring wheat lines developed by the South Dakota State University breeding program exhibited good general combining ability effects for yield improvement. Thus, this study provides a general framework to appropriately analyze data in situations where field crop data are collected from non-replicated designs.