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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #279925

Title: Scope of nanotechnology in modern textiles

item Sawhney, Amar
item SINGH, K.V. - Miami University - Ohio
item Condon, Brian
item Sachinvala, Navzer
item HUI, DAVID - University Of New Orleans

Submitted to: World Journal of Engineering
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/12/2010
Publication Date: 7/2/2010
Citation: Sawhney, A.P., Singh, K., Condon, B.D., Sachinvala, N.D., Hui, D. 2010. Scope of nanotechnology in modern textiles. World Journal of Engineering. 7(1):1-4.

Interpretive Summary: The centuries of research on micro- and macro-size particles of known substances has yielded very useful information to expand modern sciences and technologies for significant benefit to the society at large. In recent decades, research on nano-size particles of substances has been on the front in considerably improving properties and functional characteristics of almost all products of significance in almost all industries, including the textiles. This manuscript describes the current trends and developments of textile fibers, fabrics and related products and processes, using the various application techniques of nanotechnology.

Technical Abstract: This review article demonstrates the scope and applications of nanotechnology towards modification and development of advanced textile fibers, yarns and fabrics and their processing techniques. Basically, it summarizes the recent advances made in nanotechnology and its applications to cotton textiles with some novel ideas and limitations of deploying nanotechnologies. Specifically, the nanotechnology, mainly because of the nano-size particles involved and, consequently, “an order of magnitude greater-than-normal surface areas of the particles,” can be efficiently utilized to improve fiber/fabric characteristics with less-than-normal add-on of certain function-specific textile finishing substances.