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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Influence of Structure and Moisture on Cotton Fiber Properties

Location: Cotton Structure and Quality Research

Title: Cotton properties: relative humidity and its effect on flat bundle strength elongation and fracture morphology

item Santiago Cintron, Michael
item Ingber, Bruce

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/12/2011
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The effects of the relative humidity (RH) of testing conditions on stelometer cotton flat bundle strength and elongation measurements, and on the morphology of fiber fractures will be discussed in this talk. We observed a trend for stelometer strength and elongations measurements. Testing in conditions with higher RH generally resulted in higher strength and elongation values. The morphology of broken fibers was also affected by the RH of the testing conditions. Fibers broken at high RH (i.e., 71 ± 2°F and 80 ± 2% RH) showed a more frayed fracture where microfibrils were evident; a fracture pattern that suggests independent microfibril failure. In contrast, at standard conditions (i.e., 70 ± 2°F and 65 ± 2% ) fiber fractures were more granular (clean fractures), a reflection of a more unilateral breaking action. At low RH (i.e., 67 ± 2°F and 50 ± 2%), fiber fractures exhibited a distorted granular pattern, with more persistent surface damage that extended well beyond the fracture location. Our findings are of relevance to post-harvest moisture control efforts currently employed in industry, and may contribute to larger efforts to understand the effects of moisture (RH) on cotton fiber properties.

Last Modified: 10/16/2017
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