|Lévesque, C. André|
|Gachon, Claire M|
|Jiang, Rays H.y.|
|Meijer, Harold J.g.|
|West, Pieter Van|
|Vries, Ronald De|
|Buell, C. Robin|
Submitted to: Genome Biology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/13/2010
Publication Date: 7/13/2010
Publication URL: http://genomebiology.com/2010/11/7/R73
Citation: Lévesque, C., Brouwer, H., Cano, L., Hamilton, J.P., Holt, C., Huitema, E., Raffaele, S., Robideau, G.P., Win, J., Zerillo, M.M., Beakes, G.W., Boore, J.L., Busam, D., Dumas, B., Ferriera, S., Fuerstenberg, S.I., Gachon, C.M., Gaulin, E., Govers, F., Grenville-Brigg, L., Horner, N., Hostetler, J., Jiang, R., Johnson, J., Krajaejun, T., Lin, H., Meijer, H., Moore, B., Morris, P., Phuntmart, V., Puiu, D., Shetty, J., Stajich, J., Tripathy, S., Wawra, S., West, P., Whitty, B.R., Coutinho, P., Martin, F.N., Thines, M., Thomas, P.D., Tyler, B.M., Vries, R., Kamoun, S., Yandell, M., Tisserat, N., Buell, C. 2010. Genome sequence of the necrotrophic plant pathogen Pythium ultimum reveals original pathogenicity mechanisms and effector repertoire.Genome Biology. 11:R73. Interpretive Summary: This manuscript describes the sequencing of the nuclear genome of two isolates of the plant pathogen Pythium ultimum and its analysis.
Technical Abstract: The P. ultimum DAOM BR144 (=CBS 805.95 = ATCC200006) genome (42.8 Mb) encodes 15,290 genes, and has extensive sequence similarity and synteny with related Phytophthora spp., including the potato late blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans. Whole transcriptome sequencing revealed expression of 86 % of the genes, with detectable differential expression of suites of genes under abiotic and xenobiotic stress. Analysis of the predicted proteome revealed a large repertoire of proteins involved in plant pathogen interactions although surprisingly, the P. ultimum genome does not encode any classical RXLR effectors and only a few Crinkler genes, which are abundant in related phytopathogenic oomycetes. A lower number of enzymes involved in carbohydrate metabolism were present compared to Phytophthora species, with the notable absence of cutinases, suggesting a significant difference in virulence mechanisms between P. ultimum and more host specific oomycete species. Although we observed a high degree of orthology with Phytophthora genomes, there were novel features of the P. ultimum proteome including an expansion of genes involved in proteolysis and genes unique to Pythium. We identified a small gene family of cadherins, proteins involved in cell adhesion, the first report in a genome outside the metazoans. Access to the P. ultimum genome has revealed not only core pathogenic mechanisms within the oomycetes but also lineage specific genes associated with the alternative virulence and lifestyles found within the Pythiaceae compared to the Peronosporaceae.