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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #266278

Title: Synthesis and application of a novel non-halogenated, triazine-linked organophosphorus flame retardant onto cotton fabrics

item Yoshioka-Tarver, Megumi
item Condon, Brian
item Easson, Michael

Submitted to: Business Communications Company Conference on Flame Retardancy
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/10/2011
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Flame resistant materials play an important role in the manufacture of clothes and household items such as curtains, carpets, bedding etc. However, natural fabrics such as cotton have low flame resistance, therefore requiring specialized chemical treatments to enhance their flame resistant properties. Recent research has focused on the development of non-halogenated flame retardant molecules to treat flammable natural fabrics. We recently designed a non-halogenated organophosphorus flame retardant from the commercially available 1,3,5-triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine. The compound contains two Michael acceptors that can potentially react with hydroxyl groups of cellulose in the presence of both acid and base during finishing process. The compound can also polymerize under ultraviolet light (UV) or ultrasound-initiated free radical reaction conditions to increase the percent add-on of a flame retardant onto cotton fabrics. In this poster, we discuss the synthesis and characterization of the novel flame retardant and its non-flammable property on cotton fabrics.