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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #260313

Title: New developments in functional medical textiles and their mechanism of action

Author
item Edwards, Judson - Vince
item GOHEEN, STEVE - BATELLE PACIFIC NORTHWEST LABORATORIES

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/15/2011
Publication Date: 6/1/2011
Citation: Edwards, J.V., Goheen, S. 2011. New developments in functional medical textiles and their mechanism of action. In: Pan, N., Sun, G., editors. Functional Textiles for Improved Performance, Protection nd Health. Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Limited. 293-319.

Interpretive Summary: This paper addresses functional medical textiles, which are undergoing a revolution in structural design. Medical textiles as non-implantables, implantables, and extracorporeals, are playing central roles in healthcare improvements enhancing and prolonging the quality of life. Developments in the design of materials that function at the biological-material interface address material biocompatibility and bioactive function. A deeper understanding of the physiological, biochemical and biophysical milieu of biomaterials is being carved out in critical areas like wound healing, implant biocompatibility, dialysis and pressure ulcer prevention, which coupled with advancements in nanotechnology has great promise for tissue engineering and areas of biomaterial design for wound healing and pressure ulcer prevention. Cotton materials are among these and are treated in this paper in the context of wound dressings, bed sore prevention materials as hospital bed sheets and moisture management products.

Technical Abstract: Functional medical textiles are undergoing a revolution in structural design. Medical textiles as non-implantables, implantables, and extracorporeals, are playing central roles in healthcare improvements enhancing and prolonging the quality of life. Developments in the design of materials that function at the biological-material interface address material biocompatibility and bioactive function. A deeper understanding of the physiological, biochemical and biophysical milieu of biomaterials is being carved out in critical areas like wound healing, implant biocompatibility, dialysis and pressure ulcer prevention, which coupled with advancements in nanotechnology has great promise for tissue engineering and areas of biomaterial design for wound healing and prevention.